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Russia has unveiled a new Air to Air missile based on the R-77 (AA-12 Adder), which is the Russian equivalent to the AIM-120 AMRAAM used by the West.
What makes this one scary is that the chances of a miss have just dropped to almost 0. The K-77M replaces the mechanically scanned array with a miniature AESA antenna, with "large number" of digital array cells, which allows the radar to be adjusted several thousand times a second.
A traditional antenna can be defeated by making a hard turn just before the missile gets to the target, so the target leaves the radar beam scanning area. This antenna would be able to keep lock on a target no matter how hard it maneuvers, and can theoretically keep lock on a target 40+ miles away.
Another scary thing about this is that the US has nothing even close to this. US missile development has dropped off to almost non-existent, while just upgrading the missiles we have. The largest part of the R&D budget goes to fixing the F-35, and the LRS-b program.
It's fine because we have MetalStorm. We are safe.
By combining two existing technologies, Russian engineers have devised what could be the world’s deadliest air-to-air missile. And the U.S. military doesn’t have anything like it … or adequate defenses.
Designers at the Detal bureau, part of the state-owned Tactical Missile Munitions Corporation, added an active electronically-scanned array radar—a so-called “AESA”—to the nose of a long-range R-77 missile to produce the K-77M model. Thanks to its new guidance sensors, the K-77M is way more accurate than other missiles.
How accurate? Flying 40 miles or more, the K-77M should be able “to maintain lock on even the most agile maneuvering target,” according to one scientist and defense specialist in the Pacific region whose country’s laws prohibit him from speaking on the record about weaponry. In light of the scientist’s expertise, War is Boring agreed not to publish his name.
But the F-14 also had an IR and TV tracker, maybe he waited for you to fly into the no escape zone and then shot. It's not as easy and simple in real life.