posted on Nov, 8 2013 @ 08:29 PM
reply to post by arpgme
"Yahweh" is, to begin with, a very vague concept. So perhaps we should first clarify which version we're talking about here.
Well since Yaweh is older than the Bible, found in Ugaritic texts, let's see what the Canaanites said about Yaweh. And Yaweh as He is called by
Christians, never the Jews, they just say HaShem, actually means "the four letters" translated as I AM". But let's compare from Ugaritic...
El was the chief god at Ugarit. Yet El is also the name of God used in many of the Psalms for Yahweh; or at least that has been the presupposition
among pious Christians. Yet when one reads these Psalms and the Ugaritic texts one sees that the very attributes for which Yahweh is acclaimed are the
same for which El is acclaimed. In fact, these Psalms were most likely originally Ugaritic or Canaanite hymns to El which were simply adopted by
Israel, much like the American National Anthem was set to a beer hall tune by Francis Scott Key. El is called the “father of men”, “creator”,
and “creator of the creation”. These attributes are also granted Yahweh by the Old Testament.
As the belief here is that Yaweh was a god of the Canaanites, and where the Hebrews do descend from, and they share common language and literary
roots, one would have to conclude Yaweh is most likely the same God for both.
In 1 Kings 22:19-22 we read of Yahweh meeting with his heavenly council. This is the very description of heaven which one finds in the Ugaritic
texts. For in those texts the “sons of god” are the sons of El. Other deities worshipped at Ugarit were El Shaddai, El Elyon, and El Berith. All
of these names are applied to Yahweh by the writers of the Old Testament. What this means is that the Hebrew theologians adopted the titles of the
Canaanite gods and attributed them to Yahweh in an effort to eliminate them. If Yahweh is all of these there is no need for the Canaanite gods to
exist! This process is known as assimilation. Besides the chief god at Ugarit there were also lesser gods, demons, and goddesses. The most important
of these lesser gods were Baal (familiar to all readers of the Bible), Asherah (also familiar to readers of the Bible), Yam (the god of the sea) and
Mot (the god of death). What is of great interest here is that Yam is the Hebrew word for sea and Mot is the Hebrew word for death! Is this because
the Hebrews also adopted these Canaanite ideas as well? Most likely they did. One of the most interesting of these lesser deities, Asherah, plays a
very important role in the Old Testament. There she is called the wife of Baal; but she is also known as the consort of Yahweh! That is, among some
Yahwists, Ahserah is Yahweh’s female counterpart! Inscriptions found at Kuntillet ‘Ajrud (dated between 850 and 750 BCE) say: I bless you through
Yahweh of Samaria, and through his Asherah! And at ‘El Qom (from the same period) this inscription: Uriyahu, the king, has written this. Blessed
be Uriyahu through Yahweh, and his enemies have been conquered through Yahweh’s Asherah.
If one wants to go pre-Judaism and into Canaanite, then we know these gods were worshiped. So therefore, Yaweh was not evil to the Canaanites, the
original believers, and not evil to the proceeding Hebrews either. But it's your choice to think Yaweh was evil, but the Canaanites and early Hebrews
believed Yaweh and Ashera were married.
Ugaritic and the Bible
But no description in either system places evil attributes onto Yaweh.