The only thing about the Great Pyramid of which I am completely certain is that it’s remained standing so long because it is not in the nature of a
pyramid to tip over.
For starters, Mr Creighton’s
“Ten Facts that
Contradict the Tomb Theory”
completely demolishes that old, and still conventionally-swallowed saw. The only connection of Khufu to
the GP is a quarrymark scrawled in one of the "relieving chambers", probably nothing more than graffiti. Few are aware that there was another
cartouche found there too: that of "Khnum-Khuf":
Flinders Petrie, History of Egypt
This raises a difficult question, to which no historian has yet given a satisfactory answer. Who was the person designated as Khnum-Khuf? That he was
not a successor is evident by the name being used indifferently with that of Khufu in the quarry marks inside the Pyramid, and by his not appearing in
any of the lists.
The name is found in five places. The addition of Khnum cannot be merely a flight of orthography … The two names being placed in succession in one
inscription cannot be mere chance variants of the same. Either they must be two distinct and independent names of one king, or else two separate
kings. If they were separate kings, Khnum-Kuf must have been the more important.
Khufu’s cartouche by itself is almost worthless as a dating or identifying device, because like Imhotep he had become a semi-legendary figure by the
later eras of Egypt. His cartouche was used as a charm or decoration on architecture right up to the Ptolemaic period. Furthermore, outside of one
statuette about the size of your hand, no images of him have survived at all. Indeed:
Wm R. Fix, Pyramid Odyssey
The truth of the matter is that Egyptological descriptions of the IV Dynasty are little better than fantasies built up by decades of conjecture and
groundless assumptions. No one knows what that history was. There are just not enough historical materials for anyone to describe that era. There is
no clear and solid evidence of any kind that there ever was a pyramid-building IV Dynasty king called Khufu - nor, for that matter, that there ever
were Pyramid Age kings called Sneferu, Dedefra, Khafra, or Menkaura. The entire pattern of evidence suggests, on the contrary, that if there ever were
a King Khufu, he lived long after the Great Pyramid was built, and was named after it - not the other way around.
The problem is not establishing what the GP is not
, however, but rather what it is
. And here I think Creighton misses his grip, though
I’ll give him full credit for clutching with all ten fingernails. Nor is he alone. Nobody's been able to explain the thing, because it’s a
completely impossible building.
First of all, it can’t be built. The stones are too many, too big, too heavy, and too precisely cut/fitted. Some are up to 70 tons, and people
pulling on ropes are supposed to have tugged and swung them onto Nile boats which didn’t go straight to the bottom, then swung and tug them off all
the way up to Giza, then up steep, 90°-turn ramps, then precisely into each one’s exact, pre-calculated niche in the whole design? This is nuts.
The Egyptians couldn’t do it back then, and we couldn’t do it today either.
Herodotus wrote that the GP was built by 100,000 men in 20 years - a seemingly-vast undertaking which subsequent critics have only tried to reduce. So
taking this as the most time/workforce model: 20 years = 7,305 days. There are about 2,300,000 stone blocks in the GP, averaging 2.5 tons each, so
you’d need to place 315/day. But with each course of the GP, you’d need to lengthen and raise the service ramp, which - in order not to have a
grade-incline more than 1:10 - would need to start 6,000 feet away in the Nile valley and require about 75 million ft2 of its own material (solid and
dense enough to support up-to-70-ton blocks). So almost the size of the GP itself at 88M ft2. Assuming the [cruder] ramp required only 1/3 the amount
of time as the GP itself, our GP-itself construction days are now 4,870. Assuming a 12-hour workday [since the Egyptians didn’t have floodlights],
they would have had to position 40 2.5-ton-average blocks/hour, or one every 90 seconds. And with razorblade precision.
Secondly, the GP makes no sense. Normally when you look at a piece of construction, its purpose is obvious and efficient. The GP looks like something
from R’lyeh. The door is way up the [originally slick] side. With the exception of the Grand Gallery, all of the passages are too cramped for
humans, much less moving stuff like mummycases. In defiance of the extreme precision of the exterior, the subterranean pit and the wellshaft are a
mess, and the “Queen’s Chamber” is unfinished. There are “vents” that go nowhere, and the two that do go outside aren’t starscopes because
one of them doglegs. Not only are the passages cramped, but they are smooth-floored and steeply angled. There are big drops in the floor, as in the
GG, and equally-high walls, as at its far end. The gates leading into the “King’s Chamber” make no sense, and the “relieving chambers” above
it relieve nothing [or they’d domino-collapse themselves].
When Al Mamun broke through solid stone in 820 CE to find the ascending passage, it was obvious there had been no previous invasion or tomb-robbing.
But all therein was the empty, lidless box in the KC. No treasure a la
Tut. And of course no mummy, Khufu or anyone else.
So people have struggled to explain the GP otherwise: It was an initiation temple, a religious calendar, an observatory, a water-pump, a
food-preserver, a razor-blade sharpener. These are all imaginative but like the tomb, fail on examination. The Egyptians knew how to build perfectly
functional temples, as at Karnak; and if you felt like looking at Orion or Alpha Draconis
, you could do it much better and easier outside. Nor
is the GP a practical math/science repository, since it requires pre-education to find all that stuff in it.
So we’re back to staring at a building which can’t be built and makes no sense. No wonder it’s annoying. I rather liked Stargate
cute premise: that the GP and its interior features were primitive ritualistic imitations of a briefly-seen alien technology, like the seaplane totems
that south sea islanders once made after being impressed by “alien” explorers visiting in them. Or there’s this old photo, which was moldering
in a dark corner of the Temple of Set’s basement ...