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FUKUSHIMA – The highest level yet of beta ray-emitting radioactive substances, including strontium, has been detected at one point in a drainage ditch at the crippled Fukushima No. 1 nuclear plant where measurements are regularly taken, Tokyo Electric Power Co. said Thursday.
We're so redundantly done for....
This is follow-up information on "Water Leak at a Tank in the H4 area in Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station" and "Water Dropping from the Top Plate of the B area (South) Tank at Fukushima Daiichi NPS", which were respectively found on August 19, and October 2.
We analyzed the all-β radioactivity level of the samplings obtained at the junction of the drainage channels B and C (C-1), the junction of the drainage channel C and the side ditch beside the tank (C-1-1), the downstream of the drainage channel B (B-2), and the drainage channel C OP. 35m (C-2) on October 16. The all-β radioactivity level was relatively high compared to the samplings in the past.
The measurement results were as follows.
The junction of the drainage channels B and C (C-1): 2,100Bq/L
The junction of the drainage channel C and the side ditch beside the tank (C-1-1): 2,000Bq/L
The downstream of the drainage channel B (B-2): 2,300Bq/L
The drainage channel C OP. 35m (C-2): 1,400Bq/L
We attribute the higher all-β radioactivity level to the nearby pollution flooded into the drain ditch due to the typhoon.
As for other measurement results, no significant change was found.
We will continue to monitor the situation.
For the results of the samplings, please refer to the following page on our website.
Alpha radiation is a heavy, very short-range particle and is actually an ejected helium nucleus.
•Most alpha radiation is not able to penetrate human skin.
•Alpha-emitting materials can be harmful to humans if the materials are inhaled, swallowed, or absorbed through open wounds.
•Instruments cannot detect alpha radiation through even a thin layer of water, dust, paper, or other material, because alpha radiation is not penetrating.
•Alpha radiation travels only a short distance (a few inches) in air, but is not an external hazard.
•Alpha radiation is not able to penetrate clothing.
Beta radiation is a light, short-range particle and is actually an ejected electron. Some characteristics of beta radiation are:
•Beta radiation may travel several feet in air and is moderately penetrating.
•Beta radiation can penetrate human skin to the "germinal layer," where new skin cells are produced. If high levels of beta-emitting contaminants are allowed to remain on the skin for a prolonged period of time, they may cause skin injury.
•Beta-emitting contaminants may be harmful if deposited internally.
•Clothing provides some protection against beta radiation.
Gamma and X Radiation
Gamma radiation and x rays are highly penetrating electromagnetic radiation. Some characteristics of these radiations are:
•Gamma radiation or x rays are able to travel many feet in air and many inches in human tissue. They readily penetrate most materials and are sometimes called "penetrating" radiation.
•X rays, too, are penetrating radiation. Sealed radioactive sources and machines that emit gamma radiation and x rays respectively constitute mainly an external hazard to humans.
•Gamma radiation and x rays are electromagnetic radiation like visible light, radiowaves, and ultraviolet light. These electromagnetic radiations differ only in the amount of energy they have. Gamma rays and x rays are the most energetic of these.
•Dense materials are needed for shielding from gamma radiation. Clothing provides little shielding from penetrating radiation, but will prevent contamination of the skin by gamma-emitting radioactive materials.
•Gamma radiation and/or characteristic x rays frequently accompany the emission of alpha and beta radiation during radioactive decay.
fukushima is out of control....amazingly I have conversations with people about this a lot and the amount of times people look at me like I am crazy and say something along the lines of "oh I thought that was fixed years ago,i saw a tv show that said it was fixed"....
reply to post by AnonymousCitizen
To give you an idea of how hot the Pacific plume is: the Ronald Reagan (yes, new nuclear carrier) was steaming through it a little too close to the site on the way to a deployment; an unspecified distance offshore, and I wish I knew how far--
and became contaminated enough so the radiation levels through the hull got it mothballed for a cleanup. The levels were described high enough to be dangerous to not only the onboard personnel but basic operation of the ship. Hoo.
That was just over a year he was out of commission and up in drydock getting scrubbed: and not a peep from the media about it. Adjusting tuna out of my diet now seems about as much preventive medicine as wearing a surgical mask to clean my loaded shotgun. We're so redundantly done for....edit on 17-10-2013 by derfreebie because: (no reason given)
the entire ship became irradiated, due to the water pumps. In order to make water for the crew the ship pumps ocean water up to a de-salinization plant inside the ship. It purifies the ocean water and makes it so the crew can drink, shower, clean etc. The water in the region became so irradiated, the pump was pumping all of that into the ship.
By August 3, Colonel Warren concluded the entire effort was futile and dangerous. The unprotected sailors were stirring up radioactive material and contaminating their skin, clothing, and, presumably, their lungs. When they returned to their support ship living quarters, they contaminated the shower stalls, laundry facilities, and everything they touched. Warren demanded an immediate halt to the entire cleanup operation. He was especially concerned about plutonium, which was undetectable on site.
Warren also observed that the radsafe procedures were not being followed correctly. Fire boats got too close to the target ships they were hosing and drenched their crews with radioactive spray. One fire boat had to be taken out of service. Film badges showed 67 overdoses between August 6 and 9. More than half of the 320 Geiger counters available shorted out and became unavailable. The crews of two target ships, USS Wainwright and USS Carteret, moored far from the detonation site, had moved back on board and become overexposed. They were immediately evacuated back to the United States.
The invisible dragon of Daiichi is loose, and will be for centuries. It's time to start talking about what this means for the world.
Stand with us on October 19th, in solidarity with the people of Japan. And here at home, let this be the wake up call we've been waiting for. We need to start demanding that our elected officials & agencies do what is necessary to test the water we drink, the air we breathe, the food we eat.
We need YOU Saturday, October 19th
on Ocean Beach in San Francisco at 11:00am
To help us say what we know...
We are all connected by bodies of water and we are mostly made up of water. We have one globally connected ocean and each of us has one body. All life was born in this ocean. She needs our help now. We need her help.
One ocean, One chance.
Join us on this beach, on this day. Help us align a thousand bodies in a message of great urgency:
FUKUSHIMA IS HERE.
Join us wherever you are on October 19th. Use any kind of sign, in any language, to cry out with us a message of great urgency:
FUKUSHIMA IS HERE.
PLEASE SHARE EVERYWHERE!
2 Among the proven causes of human cancer, how important is radiation?
We think that ionizing radiation is very probably the single most important human carcinogen of the 20th century. In 1997, CNR will publish a study which is consistent with that hypothesis.
Other proven human carcinogens include certain viruses and chemical substances (including asbestos and tobacco smoke). Specific chemicals sometimes cause only specific types of cancer. By contrast, we predicted in 1969 that "All forms of cancer, in all probability, can be increased by radiation." This warning met with resistance from the radiation community, and we were called "controversial" (and worse). But by 1980, the radiation committee of the National Academy of Sciences acknowledged that "Cancer may be induced by radiation in nearly all the tissues of the human body" (BEIR 1980, Section 5).
An extremely important question remains unsettled, however. Do the various carcinogens work synergistically (as co-factors, multiplying the potency of each other), or do they work additively (as independent agents having a fixed potency in every situation and in every nation)? We predict that they usually work as synergists. If correct, then reducing exposure to ionizing radiation --- which would be easy to do --- would also reduce the impact of many other carcinogens.
6 How can radiation both be a cause of cancer and also be used to treat cancer?
The "current wisdom" is that cancer begins with a single cell having abnormal genetic instructions. Over time, it (or one of its descendant cells) acquires additional injuries. Finally, a cell's abnormal instructions cause it to do abnormal things --- such as dividing too often, or forming a tumor, or migrating from its appropriate location to live and divide elsewhere in the body (metastasis). These cancerous activities are done by living cells, whose abnormalities can be caused by radiation.
When radiation is used to treat cancer, it is used in very high doses which do enough damage to kill cells. Dead cells cannot behave like cancer. It is very difficult to give radiation only to cancer cells, without giving both high and low doses of radiation to healthy cells in the neighborhood. Methods in radiation therapy are improving with time.
4 When you estimate that 75% of recent and current breast-cancer in the USA is due to earlier exposure to medical irradiation, do you mean that all other agents combined are responsible for only 25% of the cases?
No, we don't. Our 75% incorporates a very big role for non-radiation agents, because it explicitly incorporates the assumption of synergy between them and radiation, with the other agents causing each unit of radiation to be much more potent in causing breast cancer in the USA than in Japan (Gofman 1995/96, Chapters 40 + 47).
It is not a normal situation when the people who are in charge
of the fate of a whole civilization lie quite openly to the whole world.
--Dr. Vladimir Chernousenko,
Physicist and Scientific Director of the Chernobyl "clean-up", 1986-91,
testifying at the World Uranium Hearings in Salzburg, September, 1992.
PART I: Shattering Treacherous and Lethal Assumptions
We need now, as we have for more than fifty years, to articulate and then dispel and shatter the false and exceedingly lethal assumptions underlying the "promises" of nuclear technology. The hierarchies of centralized authority, which have the greatest vested interest in perpetuating the employment of this technology, have lied about its true costs from the very beginning. These hierarchies include the Fortune 500  / Global 500  corpses , G7 governments, the World Bank    and International Monetary Fund, known by "grassroots" as players in The World Game. These players have a deep, abiding financial interest in and obsession with the promotion of nuclear weapons and energy. Collectively they have said and will continue to say and do anything to maintain the continuation of this technology with the falsehoods, uttered for decades regarding the "energy angle", about its being "safe", "clean", and "cheap". Such assumptions as, "There can be a peaceful promotion of atomic energy," and, "It has not been proven that exposure to low-level ionizing radiation causes cancer," are lethal to the extreme. Since the early 1940s such deceitful suppositions have sustained the nuclear nightmare that has seized upon and threatens all life, and all of its future, here on Earth.