posted on Sep, 19 2013 @ 06:49 AM
There are currently all kinds of problems with Syria's elections and new constitution.
There were Parliamentary elections held in March 2012, but the problem remains where Assad's Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party holds 168 seats and only
the remaining 34 seats are held by others.
As for the new constitution...
During the 2011–2012 Syrian uprising, a new constitution was put to a referendum. Amongst other changes, it abolished the old article 8 which
entrenched the power of the Ba'ath party. The new article 8 reads: "The political system is based on the principle of political pluralism, and rule
is only obtained and exercised democratically through voting."; in a new article 88, it introduced presidential elections and limited the term of
office for the president to seven years with a maximum of one re-election.
However, the Foreign Minister of Syria has already said that Assad may run again for President. Assad has already been President since 2000,
(technically allowing him 2 terms already) but since the new constitution was just put into place last year, it looks like a second term is defined
from the time the constitution was written.
As of this year, it looks like Syria has split in two.
In 2013, Syria is divided between two governments, both of which make contested claims to be the only democratic government of Syria. A bitter
civil war between the two has raged through 2012 and 2013 following a period of unarmed demonstrations and unrest in 2011, which was part of the
international wave of protest known as the Arab Spring.
The Baathist government, headed by Bashar Assad, son of previous leader Hafez Assad, is based in Damascus, the traditional capital. The Free Syrian
government is conducting its first regional elections in early March 2013 for Aleppo, Syria’s largest city and main commercial hub. Due to fighting,
the elections are being held by 200+ representatives in Ghazi, Turkey.
I don't see this resolving itself anytime soon. For now, neither government accepts the other. It will get interesting come May 2014.
MrSpad is right. There are only approximately 3,600 elite Alawites who are propping Assad up right now to keep him from being toppled. From what I
understand, the fortunes of these 3,600 are directly tied to Assad's Presidency and they can't afford to let him or his military fall without losing