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1. It was the Catholic church that was responsible for what has become known as the scientific revolution through its creation of the university system.
2.Catholic priests were pioneers in the fields of geology, Egyptology, astronomy, and atomic theory.
3.Medieval monasteries were responsible for either preserving from classical times (generally accepted as the era of the Greeks and Romans), or initiating on their own, significant advances in agriculture.
4.Medieval monasteries pioneered the use of water power, factories, and metallurgy.
5.The church was pivotal in the preservation of the written words of the ancients---perhaps even literacy itself.
6.Early Christian theology was the foundation of the Western legal system (the rule of law) as well as international law.
7.Christian philosophy led to challenges to slavery in both the Old and New Worlds.
8.And, of great import, the moral code of the West, including belief in the sanctity of human life and marriage, derived from Christian teachings. (Quoting Professor Thomas E. Woods.)
The Bible and Christian theology have also strongly influenced Western philosophers and political activists. The teachings of Jesus, such as the Parable of the Good Samaritan, are among the important sources for modern notions of Human Rights and the welfare measures commonly provided by governments in the West. Long held Christian teachings on sexuality and marriage have also been influential in family life.
Christianity played a role in ending practices such as human sacrifice, slavery, infanticide and polygamy. Christianity in general affected the status of women by condemning infanticide (female infants were more likely to be killed), divorce, incest, polygamy, birth control, abortion and marital infidelity. While official Church teaching considers women and men to be complementary
dark ages and the supression of knowledge itself
September 1–2, 1859, the largest recorded geomagnetic storm occurred