posted on Aug, 17 2013 @ 02:53 AM
Well I'm putting this in this thread because this is where we see most of the Special Access Program's that the Air Force develops. While looking
through the grove of documents Zaphod and I got, I found this one burried way down in the list. But it's interesting none the less. It basically goes
through the policies and procedures needed to create a Special Access Program through the Air Force chain of command.
Air Force Instruction 16-701 Special Access Programs dated 1 November 1995.
Here's some cool info...
The Air Force protects its operational and technological advantages using special access controls. This instruction implements AFPD 16-7, Special
Access Programs; Executive Order 12356; Title 10, U.S.C. Section 119; and DoD Directive 5205.7. It complements AFPD 31-4, Information Security, and
AFI 31-401, Information Security Program Management. It applies to all people and groups involved in Special Access Programs (SAPs), including
Here's a cool chart taken from the second document about the technological advantage we have over other countries...
1. Overview of the Air Force Special Access Administrative Process. When normal security methods cannot protect an activity from a known threat,
special access controls safeguard operational and technological advantages from potential enemies by limiting access to information about, or
observation of, certain weapons, weapon systems, techniques, and operations. DoD, SAF, HQ USAF, and many commands, agencies, and program offices work
together in SAPs to create, maintain, modify, and terminate special access controls. The Secretary of the Air Force and Deputy Secretary of Defense
set formal SAP policy. A SAP’s dynamic oversight feature must be at least equal to normal security programs; justify the need for special access
controls by constantly monitoring the specific threat(s) to the program; and require individuals to follow tailored security and operating procedures,
public laws, and national policies.
3. Special Access Programs Categories. For the purpose of sending annual budget reports to Congress, DoD 5205.7 categorizes Special Access
Programs as Acquisition (AQ-SAP), Operations & Support (OS-SAP) or Intelligence (IN-SAP). 3.1. AQ-SAP activities are reported to OUSD(A&T)/DSP (AQ-SAP
Central Office) because they receive RDT&E, procurement funds, or both. 3.2. OS-SAP activities are reported to DUSD(P)/PS (OS-SAP Central Office)
because they do not receive RDT&E or procurement funds, but do protect sensitive operations. 3.3. IN-SAP activities are reported to
ASD(C3I)/ODASD(I&S) (IN-SAP Central Office) because they are intelligence funded.
4. Acquisition Planning. Managers of SAPs impacted by DoD acquisition directives (5000.x series) must consider guidelines specifically tailored to
SAPs. 4.1. Contracting in Special Access Programs. SAPs conform to contracting regulations, including the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR),
Defense FAR Supplement (DFARS), and Air Force FAR Supplement (AFFARS). These regulations reflect the laws, Executive Orders, and OSD policy applying
to all DoD acquisitions except those specifically exempted. In addition, major command regulation supplements and other regulations further guide
contracting offices. Clearly, SAP acquisition offices may not be able to conform to some regulations without compromising national security or
violating security restrictions. Some regulations already provide sufficient exceptions for national security or classified information. Other
deviations may require case-by-case waivers. 4.1.1. SAF/AQCF is the Air Force focal point for FAR, DFARS, and AFFARS deviations. SAP acquisition
offices submit deviation requests to the SAF/AQC contracting staff officer located in SAF/AQL for staffing and approval. Deviation requests must be
formatted IAW DFARS 201.402 and AFFARS 5301.402.
A little bit on SIOP...
5. Relationships Among Special Access Security Controls, Procedures, Activities, Programs, and Other Security Systems. Executive Order 12356,
National Security Information, as implemented by Information Security Oversight Office (ISOO) Directive No 1; DoD 5200.1R/AFPD 31-4/AFI 31-401; and
DoDD O-5205.7, implements special access controls. These controls provide extraordinary protection by: keeping personnel access to the minimum needed
to meet program goals; setting investigative or adjudicative criteria for persons seeking access; naming officials who determine whether cleared
people have a need-to-know; using access lists and registered unclassified nicknames (and, in some cases, classified code words) to identify
information needing additional protection; security guides and procedures specifically tailored for certain information and equipment; and supporting
and overseeing infrastructures. Security controls protect a given activity. A special access program is the protected activity. The Secretary or
Deputy Secretary of Defense formally approves, in writing, these legally defined programs and annually reports on them to Congress. Each Air Force SAP
and each SAP the AF operates for other agencies or activities must be formally registered with SAF/AAZ, the Air Force SAP Central Office (SAPCO). SAPs
containing Sensitive Compartmented Information (SCI) or Single Integrated Operational Plan-Extremely Sensitive Information (SIOP-ESI) may have other
security control systems, such as SCI and SIOP-ESI. For example, SAPs must obtain approval to introduce the SAP into a Sensitive Compartmented
Information Facility (SCIF) from HQ 497 IG/INS and also negotiate a security agreement with HQ 497 IG/INS. Since SAPs in SCIFs are usually a tenant,
SCI directives govern SCI protection. These additional security control systems apply only to that specific compartmented information. The term SAP,
often substituted for "Special Access Required (SAR)", may describe the security control system, the entire effort, and in some cases certain budget
Well there's literally 27 pages in this document for your viewing pleasure. It's my first time trying to put a PDF online so I hope it works. If it
doesn't, PM me with your email address and I'll send it to you...
AFI 16-701 Special Access Program
AFPD 16-7 Special Access Program