Blueberry, blueberry, blueberry talk, I know it's a fungus 'cos I've found a stalk.
This will either get shut down pretty quick or else moved to the hoax forum out of the way. We'll see which.
We all know that blueberries are supposed to be spherules of iron-oxide which are formed over thousands of years. The way they are 'released' is by
weathering and the breakdown of the rocks in which they are embedded. Scientists also think they may be created by volcanic activity or meteors
arriving from space.
I have thought for a long time that these spherules may be a fungus of some kind and I have tried to show this is a previous post along with evidence
for lichen too. Now I have found a vital piece of evidence in my search which is
a stalk from a blueberry in a MI camera image.
lower left corner and below) I have wondered how there are so many of these spherules scattered around certain areas of Mars and the much smaller and
darker grains which litter the same areas as these spherules to me look like fungi spores released from mature fungi.
Knowing what I now know(!) about the wind and the total lack of wind, and water erosion, it seems the only erosion worth much is radiation bombardment
erosion. I did not really know how this affected the rocks, and whether this would be enough to release all these spherical concretions of iron oxide
that we see scattered about the images.
Rover Opportunity Sol 199 Site 35 Drive 05
Camera Microscopic Imager
Filter number 2
two growing fungi
As you can see at the bottom right of this image
above pic) there are two spherules growing out from under some kind of covering. At the top left of the same image, there are two holes with (I
assume) the stalks of new spherules starting to grow out of these holes, and also on the ground to the right, there is another 'bud' emerging.
3 budding fungi
But now, looking at these images, perhaps we have to conclude they are fungi and there IS life on Mars. Start with plant life, progress to
Of course, this is only speculation on my part as we all have no way of knowing what they are, however the evidence to me looks pretty strong, so what
do you think?
I also think there may be concretions as well as these fungi.
double spherule like 'fungus stones' on Earth
current science references
Yahoo says this
Huffington Post says this
When Opportunity landed on Mars in January of 2004, the rover found an abundance of these spherules resting on the surface. They were nicknamed
'blueberries' by NASA scientists because of the bright blue color of their hematite shells. Hematite typically forms under watery conditions, so
these 'blueberries' were listed as evidence of past liquid water on Mars' surface. However, scientists eventually concluded that they were more
likely caused by volcanic activity or by meteoroid impacts. Adding to this, a recent study called into question a watery past for Mars by showing that
large clay deposits found on Mars may be the result of volcanic activity, rather than deposition by water.
It's a question that has plagued scientists for decades: Is there, or has there ever been, life on Mars?
While the answer to that question has often swayed from a slight "maybe" to a definitive "no," the recent discovery of iron 'blueberries' --
small, spherical hematite balls -- by the NASA Opportunity Rover indicates that life may have existed on Mars millions of years ago.
These 'blueberries,' as they have been dubbed, were initially thought to provide evidence of water on Mars, according to LifeScientist. However,
researchers from the University of Western Australia and the University of Nebraska found that similar iron-oxide spheres analyzed on Earth are formed
by microorganisms. If the same holds true for Mars, the iron 'blueberries' could not have plausibly been created without the existence of microbes
Wikipedia says this
NASA says this
Martian spherules (also known as blueberries due to their blue hue in false-color images released by NASA) are the abundant spherical hematite
inclusions discovered by the Mars rover Opportunity at Meridiani Planum on the planet Mars. They are found in situ embedded in a sulfate salt
evaporitic matrix, and also loose on the surface.
The shapes by themselves don't reveal the particles' origin with certainty. "A number of straightforward geological processes can yield round
shapes," said Dr. Hap McSween, an Opportunity science team member from the University of Tennessee, Knoxville. They include accretion under water,
but apparent pores in the particles make alternative possibilities of meteor impacts or volcanic eruptions more likely origins, he said.
Mosaic shows some spherules partly embedded, spread over the (smaller) soil grains.
For example, ranging in size from less than 100 micrometers to more than 250 micrometers, similar spherules were found in Moon soil samples collected
by Apollo 12 at the Procellarum Basin, and Apollo 14 near Mare Imbrium (Sea of Rains), the dark crater that dominates the Moon's face, and their
properties were consistent with expectations for creation by meteor impacts.
phys.org says this
Opportunity discovered spherules at its landing site more than eight-and-a-half years earlier. Those spherules were nicknamed "blueberries."
They provided important evidence about long-ago wet environmental conditions on Mars because researchers using Opportunity's science instruments
identified them as concretions rich in the mineral hematite deposited by water saturating the bedrock. A picture of the "blueberries" from the same
Microscopic Imager is PIA05564
Spherical iron-oxide concretions - dubbed "blueberries" - were first found on the Red Planet in 2004 by an earlier NASA robotic probe -
Opportunity Rover - providing some of the first evidence for liquid water on Mars.
Earth-based analogues for these "blueberries" are found in the Jurassic Navajo Sandstone near the Colorado River, Utah, where the concretions range
in size from small marbles to cannonballs and consist of a hard shell of iron oxide surrounding a softer sandy interior.
Previous theories suggested these concretions were formed by simple chemical reactions without the help of life. However, new UWA research shows clear
evidence that microbes were essential in their formation. This raises the possibility that Martian "blueberries" may not only reveal that water was
present on Mars - but life too.