In pre-Christian Europe, Puy de Dôme served as an assembly place for spiritual ceremonies. Temples were built at the summit, including a Gallo-Roman temple dedicated to the God Mercury, the ruins of which were covered in 1873.
In 1648, Florin Périer, at the urging of Blaise Pascal, proved Evangelista Torricelli's theory that barometric servations were caused by the weight of air by measuring the height of a column of mercury at three elevations on Puy de Dôme.
In 1875, a physics laboratory was built at the summit. Since 1956, a TDF (Télédiffusion de France) antenna is also located there.
Mercury is the supreme god in Gaul. To be sure, it is Jupiter who reigns over the heavens and Mars who rotects many ciuitates, but in Gaul, Mercury is master of his own domain. The epigraphic dedications that invoke him are more numerous than those that honour the Father of the Gods in many Gaulish provinces (including hose of Gallia Belgica and Lugdunensis).
As for statues, one of Gaul’s most famous was that dedicated to Mercury at the Puy de Dôme in Auvergne in what is now central France. The Arverni had given the Greek sculptor Zenodorus the commission of casting this monumental statue at the price of four million sesterces.
The Greek word for ‘fate’, ‘death’ and ‘goddess of death’ is ‘e ker’ (feminine); the word for’heart’ and ‘breast’ is ‘to ker’ (neuter); while the word for ‘honeycomb’ is ‘to kerion’ (neuter). The common root ‘ker’ links the ideas of the honeycomb, goddess, death, fate and the human heart, a nexus of meanings that is illumined if we know that the goddess was once imagined as a bee.”
In swarms while wandering, from the dead, A humming sound is heard.
The 3rd century Greek philosopher and mathematician Porphyry of Tyre believed that souls arrived on earth in the form of Bees, having descended from the moon goddess Artemis, and that they were lured to terrestrial life by the promise of earthly delights, such as honey. Ironically, honey was also a symbol of death and was frequently used as an offering to the gods. The dualistic quality of honey is no coincidence, as the nectar and its maker – the Bee, appear to represent the very cycle of existence. One could say that as the Bee returns to its hive, so the Melissa returns to its god in the afterlife; the beginning is the end and the end is the beginning.
Originally posted by Kantzveldt
reply to post by abeverage
The high places were important because the setting out of the network of the land was considered as from above, they were the pre-eminent points. Many of them later became dedicated to the Archangel Michael in Christian times, so they were seats of Celestial Power over seeing the land.
The trappings of the cult would appear entirely Roman, before this period the Celts neither named or depicted Deities, the names that were transmitted into Roman comparatives tended to be descriptive terms derivative of natural description and specific to locale, as in the example of Dumiati, of the dome, which could carry through to the Celestial dome.
Lugh would have been the Celtic descriptive term, from the Indo-European 'leuk', the bright flashing light.
The association of Rosmerta as the companion of Celtic Mercury is that her rewards of all good things were the product of Mercurial endeavours, that is the illumination of artisans and craftsmen, the establishment of good relations and lines of communication facilitating trade, the transmission of knowledge and learning for the advancement of society, all good fortune brought about by the active principle of Mercury, the reward of the fruits of the Earth.
There is a funny story of when i got sent on a team building seminar from work which filled me with horror, but anyway at the end of the session they ran the session worker decided to end it with a guided group meditation sort of thing, as she'd come across a piece she thought great by some proffessor of psycho babble, so we had to close our eyes and she went on about individuals starting off alone in a forest, meeting up gradually, finding paths, arriving at waterfalls, chasms that could only be flown across, a high place at journeys end, and then asked what people had seen and felt.
So the usual lame answers, nothing or it felt really nice blah blah, but then she asked me and i named off around fifteen epitaphs of Mercury that related to the elements of the progression in sequential order, and she just looked at me slack jawed like i was from another planet lol
There weren't supposed to be any 'correct' answers and religion let alone such a seemingly well organized one just wasn't on the agenda, so they were seriously dazzled by this light...and i never made a good team player.
In the Greek tradition Apollo and Hermes are not Bee Gods as such, but it is from their maternal nurturing that these aspects are passed on, Apollo makes a gift of the three bee-maiden priestesses to the God Hermes. as Hermes was guide to the souls of the dead not only out of life but also back into it again.
Mercury is seen most easily when it is close to its greatest elongation, which means that its angular separation from the Sun is greatest. It can be near greatest western elongation, which means it is west of the Sun in the sky, so it is visible soon before sunrise, or greatest eastern elongation, which means it is visible soon after sunset.
As a morning star, the planet was known as Heosphorus, a sobriquet it shared with Venus whose morning appearance was also called Phosphorus; likewise the evening apparitions of Mercury and Venus alike were called Hesperus.