posted on Jul, 2 2013 @ 11:11 PM
I was considering adding this info to the The Great Lakes And The Kongo Links To Nile Valley Civilizations
thread but decided against it as we can focus on Kerma and the
Nile in general
Kerma captial of Kush
That polities in areas south of Kmt trailed behind them in urban development is a myth the Kermans aka Kush have urban development going back 5000yrs
B.C where they settled on a mixed economy of pastoralism and agriculture ,these folks are not to be confused with the people of Ta-Seti the 1st
organized state on the Nile which became Kmt's first nome or lower Nubia going back to 3400 B.C although they would eventually absorb Ta-Seti,these
were Kmt's arch rivals and every bit as ambitious as the Kemities their second oldest city is on Sai Island at about 4500 b.C ,the site is littered
with ruins from the earliest times all the way down to the time of the occupation of the Ottoman Turks
Temple ruins Sai Island
Crocodiles Heads On A Door, Sai Island
Notice these are adobe structures except for the Temple,
The language of the Kush is said to be Nilo-Saharan while the language of the Ta-Setians and the Kemites were Afrasian but all three groups had
similar culture and institutions based on their common experience in the wet phase Sahara.
Relations with Kmt as was said earlier can be testy at times although trade relations continued even in difficult times.
This dynasty ranks as among the greatest, whose fame far outlived its actual tenure on the throne. Especially interesting, it was a member of this
dynasty- that decreed that no Nehsy (riverine Nubian of the principality of Kush), except such as came for trade or diplomatic reasons, should pass by
the Egyptian fortress at the southern end of the Second Nile Cataract. :
Many have taken this ban or controlled border crossings and building the very impressive Buhen fortress as evidence that the Kemites were engaged
in a racist conflict with the Kush or "Nubians".. absolute nonsense nothing could be further from the truth for the 11th and 12th dyn royals were
as close as one can get to be "Nubian" without being from "Nubia".. One of it's kings actually styled himself as son of the first born Nehsy his
high royal wives were of Nehsy extraction in any case it was his/their job to protect their people the kemites no matter their ancestry say like any
American POTUS would, be they of German,Irish,British or Kenyan ancestry.
One point before I move on 11th and 12th dyn royals were not of Kushetie extraction they most likely belonged to old line Ta-seti or Medjay extraction
who were Afrasian speakers rather than Nilo-Saharans.
Nebhepetre Mentuhotep II
Princess Ahaslit daughter of Mentuhotep II
Kush invasion of Kmt
Mr Davies, who headed the joint British Museum and Egyptian archaeological team, said: “Now it is clear that Kush was a superpower which had the
capacity to invade Egypt. It was a huge invasion, one that stirred up the entire region, a momentous event that is previously undocumented. “They
swept over the mountains, over the Nile, without limit. This is the first time we’ve got evidence. Far from Egypt being the supreme power of the
Nile Valley, clearly Kush was at that time. “Had they stayed to occupy Egypt, the Ku#es might have eliminated it. That’s how close Egypt came to
extinction. But the Egyptians were resilient enough to survive, and shortly afterwards inaugurated the great imperial age known as the New Kingdom.
The Ku#es weren’t interested in occupation. They went raiding for precious objects, a symbol of domination. They did a lot of damage.”
The inscription describes a ferocious invasion of Egypt by armies from Kush and its allies from the south, including the land of Punt, on the southern
coast of the Red Sea. It says that vast territories were affected and describes Sobeknakht’s heroic role in organising a counter-attack. The text
takes the form of an address to the living by Sobeknakht:“Listen you, who are alive upon earth . . . Kush came . . . aroused along his length, he
having stirred up the tribes of Wawat . . . the land of Punt and the Medjaw. . .” It describes the decisive role played by “the might of the
great one, Nekhbet”, the vulture-goddess of El Kab, as “strong of heart against the Nubians, who were burnt through fire”, while the “chief of
the nomads fell through the blast of her flame”. The discovery explains why Egyptian treasures, including statues, stelae and an elegant alabaster
vessel found in the royal tomb at Kerma, were buried in Ku#e tombs: they were war trophies.