reply to post by Deetermined
For starters, the Bible already tells us that these are all the same God and the different names represent his attributes and nature. It's not
like there were relational differences.
When the Sumerian gods changed over to Babylonian gods, their roles and relationships changed.
This is my favorite of your replies, because you are completely wrong on all accounts. Let me use a single Sumerian goddess to show you:
(3500 BC - 1750 BC): Sumerian-Akkadian
. Queen of Heaven
. Inanna was the personification of the Morning/Evening star
(Venus), and thus considered the Queen of Heaven, whose appearance signaled the approach/departure of the Sun. As the embodiment of femininity, Inanna
was responsible for carnal love, including fornication, fertility, and material attraction, which gave rise to the Cult of the Prostitute. As well,
she was also responsible for celestial love, the kind shared between man and his family (duty), family and their city (community), and a city and the
entire culture (nationality). The final major mythological significance of Inanna comes from her involvement in the seasonal resurrection myth,
involving her husband, the Dying-and-Rising god, Dumuzi, which has been echoed in every culture on Earth. Because of her connection to the seasonal
cycle, Inanna was also the patron of sacred sites and holy buildings.
(2500 BC - 200 AD): Assyrian-Babylonian
. Star of Heaven
. Ištar is the Assyrian-Babylonian counterpart of Inanna.
Possessing all of the same qualities as Inanna, but with a heavier focus on the warrior aspects, the carnal and material love, and the fertility
elements. This being because the Babylonians were a warrior-culture with a love for material wealth. Ištar, like Inanna, shares the exact same
seasonal cycle myth, with Tammuz, the Babylonian counterpart to Dumuzi.
(2000 BC - 200 BC): Ugaritic and Egyptian
. Qadeš arose as a goddess in Canaan, carrying the benign qualities of
Inanna to the semitic Canaanites and Phoenicians. Qadeš is a goddess of ecstasy and celestial love. She blesses ritual grounds, and is responsible
for the care and upkeep of sacred spaces. She also endows man and the Earth with fertility and prosperity. When the Egyptians and Canaanites met, the
Egyptians brought Qadeš, Astarte, Anat, and Ba'al back to Egypt with them.
(1500 BC - 200 BC): Ugaritic
. Star / Womb
. Astarte, arriving a few hundred years after Qadeš, was the Queen of Heaven,
and founder of the art of sacred prostitution among both the Canaanites/Phoenicians, and the Egyptians. She also served as the Queen of Heaven, and
was one of the Pharoah's protectors in battle and war (displaying warrior qualities). Together, Astarte and Qadeš represent the benign and aggressive
sides of Inanna/Ištar: the "Holy Star". This was recognized, as both goddesses collectively went to the same cultures.
(1450 BC - 1200 BC): Anatolian
. The Hurrian Ištar
. As her name suggests, Šauška was the Hurrian variation of Ištar.
However, like with Quadeš, Šauška tended to embody the healing, restorative, and blessing aspects of Ištar over her warrior and prostitution
elements, which were absorbed by other Hittite/Hurrian figures.
(1200 BC - 200 BC): Palestinian
. The exact same goddess as Astarte, only worshiped by the Palestinians and
Philistines, instead of the Phoenicians and Canaanites. There is no functional variation between the two, despite one rising to prominence in a
different culture three hundred years later. This is the same variation of Inanna which was demonized by Jewish scribes.
Those are just the six most common variants of Inanna. I'm familiar with a further four, but am running out of characters in this reply. All of them,
regardless of the name-change, draw from the same pool of qualities:
- Queen of Heaven
- Keeper of sacred places
- Personification of the Morning/Evening Star (Venus)
- Goddess of Celestial Love
- Goddess of Carnal Love / Fertility
- Goddess of War and Sovereignty
Inanna, in all her myriad variations, is entirely consistent, despite the name changes. Even her later forms (Aphrodite, Freyja, Iðuna, etc) all
share the same personality traits, functions, associations, and even many of the same cultural myths (like the seasonal resurrection myth of
Inanna/Dumuzi, echoed by Osiris/Isis, Ba'al/Anat, Kamrusepa/Telepinus, Demeter/Persephone, Kybele/Attis, Aphrodite/Adonis, and Iðuna/Bragi.
As for relational differences, let me point this out:
Inanna is the daughter of the Moon (Nanna) and the Great Lady (Ningal) in Sumer. In Babylon she is still the daughter of the Moon (Sin) and the Great
Lady (Ningal). So no, her relational associations also don't change.
~ Wandering Scribe
edit on 24/6/13 by Wandering Scribe because: (no reason given)