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The nominated property (19,237 ha) comprises the upper part of Mount Etna volcano (3,350 m. a.s.l.), the largest active volcano in Europe and Mediterranean Area. It is located in north-eastern Sicily and is active from immemorial time. Mount Etna is a composite volcano and represents a unique environment due also to dynamics of geological phenomena (eruptions and related volcanic activity, earthquakes) that strongly influence and modify habitats and ecological features of the whole region. Mount Etna has been known and observed since Greek and Roman classic times and it currently represents one of the most popular and visited volcanoes in the world.
~ Mount Etna is the most active, the highest one volcano in Europe, one of the largest and active in the world and it provides several vents comprising a large range of volcanic features easy to be accessed by visitors and researchers.
~ Mount Etna has erupted many times in human history; its intense and persistent volcanic activity is at the base of myths, legends and naturalistic observation since classic times. Consequently Mount Etna has been known, studied and visited by innumerable scientists and tourists from all around the world.
~ Mount Etna is globally recognized on basis of its notoriety, scientific importance, cultural and educational value, superlative natural phenomena and exceptional aesthetic importance as iconic volcanic site.
~ Mount Etna has been, and still is, a major centre for international research with a long history of influence on volcanology, geology and geomorphology.
~ Mount Etna is an unique example of natural laboratory scientific on terrestrial volcanic areas for the study of the process of colonization on new surfaces by plants and animals in both European and Mediterranean bio-geographical region.