reply to post by studythem1
YHVH is much more than just a transposition of the Canaanite Il, or El.
YHVH is a composite-god, created over time, depending on where the Hebrew people had wandered to, or were imprisoned. Specifically, YHVH is a mixture
of Enlil from Sumeria, Marduk from Babylonia, and Il from Ugaritic mythology.
Many of the myths found in the Bible, like the Garden of Eden, the Deluge, and the concept of a single Underworld where both good and bad souls go,
can all be found in Sumeria and Babylonia.
The Sumerians were a non-Semitic people who lived in modern-day southern Iraq and created a culturally stunning mythology, system of writing, and
much, much more. The Akkadian-Babylonians, however, were Semitic and not of the same origin as the Sumerians. They occupied mostly northern Iraq, and
When the Akkadian-Babylonians conquered the Sumerians, instead of discarding their entire culture, they transposed Sumerian mythology over their own.
Which is why the state-god Marduk absorbed the functions of Enlil, why the mortal-hero Gilgamesh appears in both cultures, and a variety of other
overlaps, including deities like Inanna becoming Ishtar, or Enki becoming Ea.
With the advent of the Babylonian captivity, the Hebrews became extremely familiar with Akkadian-Babylonian mythology, which was nothing more than
repackaged Sumerian mythology. This is why the Bible features heavy parallels with Akkadian-Babylonian mythology. Only, instead of Enlil and the other
Anunnaki, or Marduk (the Babylonian state-god), the actions were now handed down to YHVH.
When the Persians conquered Babylon, they freed the Hebrews, an act of good faith, since the Persians actually believed in gaining the favor of
conquered lands, instead of just subjugating them. This allowed the Hebrews to return north, toward Israel, where they encountered the Phoenicians,
Canaanites, and other tribes, as well as the Hittite/Hurrian cultures of Anatolia (modern-day Turkey).
The remainder of YHVH's qualities were borrowed from local tribal figures like Ba'al, or Teshub, whom YHVH and the Hebrew's conquered, and
absorbed. This is why the Bible features "direct" confrontation between YHVH and Ba'al, and other mentions of "demons" like Asherah and Astarte
being subjugated and conquered. It was all metaphorical, representing the Hebrew's domination of the tribes, and then the subsequent absorption of
the supreme-god of the tribe.
YHVH is a composite-god, composed of the qualities and mythologies of every culture whom the nomadic Hebrew's were exposed to during their various
There's also a wonderfully comprehensive website right here
that covers in great detail the synthetic nature
of Judaism, Christianity, and even Islam. I'd recommend any recovering-Christian explore it. I'd recommend any current-Christian do the same, but
they often refuse to open their mind to any extra-Biblical information.
~ Wandering Scribe