reply to post by LittleBirdSaid
I don't mean any disrespect to you at all
I think when you write of what they did or did not know in the past - you make assumptions based on the best knowledge we have available right
now - the best knowledge mainstream anthropology and history will provide us or does NOT provide us at this time. I have come to believe we may have
NO idea of what they actually did know.
This is where we disagree.
Archaeologists have cracked the Egyptian Hieroglyphic language, we can literally read their holy books, word-for-word almost, to see exactly what
their worldview was. There are no leaps-of-faith involved, or any type of hypothetical supposition. The Book of Coming Forth By Day
translated, as have the Pyramid Texts
, and numerous other works including lamentations, hymns, letters, poetry, and royal documents. We've
clearly figured out the Hieroglyphic language, there's even a two-volume
which presents nearly every
pictograph archaeologists have uncovered, and the list of meanings which it has been known to represent.
We've even cracked the code on who their deities were too, including what type of theocracy they accepted, and when. For example:
During the Early Dynastic Period, the Old Kingdom, and the Pyramid Era (3000 bce - 1900 bce) Egypt was a pure Polytheism, with belief in many,
individual, independent deities—who occasionally formed a pantheon, like the Ennead or Ogdoad, depending on the ruling class—but were
traditionally seen as autonomous individuals with their own machinations. The most commonly known deity-figures from this period are the triple
sun-god Khepra-Rē-Atum worshiped in Heliopolis (2600 bce - 1900 bce), and the Ennead extending from him, which includes Osiris, Isis, Set, and Horus
on whom so much mythology has been based..
During the New Kingdom (1500 bce - 700 bce) Egypt was considered Henotheistic, and under the auspices of the All-Father, Amun, who merged with the
more ancient sun-god Khepra-Rē-Atum to become Amun-Rē, whom all other Egyptian deities were believed to be emanations of. This type of "all gods
are aspects of one God" belief became very popular with the Greek philosophers when they discovered Egyptian culture. It also served to unite the
Egyptian people in a common worship which was designed by the Priests of Amun, but also slowly corrupted causing their power to rival that of the
Pharaoh, which lead to the next type of theocracy Egypt employed.
During the reign of Akhenaten (1379 bce - 1362 bce) Egypt was monotheistic, forcibly worshiping the Aten while the remainder of the polytheistic
figures were cast by the wayside... or, so the story says. Despite Akhenaten's quest to weaken the power of the Priestly Cast (who worshiped
Amun-Rē) by introducing an even more powerful "All-Father," whom loved the Pharaoh instead of the priests, the Egyptian people continued to
practice their own cultic worship to figures like Bast, Horus, Thoth, and Knum regardless of what the Pharaoh commanded. The earliest evidence of
Atenism comes from Amenhotep II during his reign (1427 bce - 1401 bce) before Akhenaten adopted it.
So, you see, Egyptian culture is very well understood. Their beliefs, their values, their language, their texts, everything. We know when they lived,
what they ate, how their economy was structured, who their leaders were, what the people believed, what the priests believed, and what the Pharaoh
believed, and so much more.
It is no stretch of the imagination for archaeology to assume that if Egypt had knowledge of brain chemistry, the nervous system, electrical impulses,
or how the body worked, they would have recorded it down somewhere, and we would have found it by now.
Egypt was an astounding culture. Even more astounding when you don't clutter their resume with assumed accomplishments. Building the pyramids,
carving their massive monuments, establishing a 3000 year dominion along a single river, the use of copper and sand as saws, and so many other
marvellous things are enough for Egypt to stand on its own.
Don't sully their already-good name with additional unsubstantiated suppositions.
~ Wandering Scribe