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QD ASSEMBLY AND FUNCTIONALIZATION
QDs can be synthesized in non-polar solvents [21, 22], aqueous solutions  or on a solid substrate . Although synthesis directly in aqueous solutions result in water-soluble QDs, the crystalline quality thus the emission bandwidth of the QD is compromised . On the other hand, synthesis in non-polar solvents produces hydrophobic QDs with high degrees of monodispersity (