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n the island country of Sir Lanka in Southeast Asia a strange bird with devil horns and the shriek of a human has been a part of local legends for generations. The bird, called Ulama by the locals and Devil Bird by visiting westerners, is rarely seen but is often heard in the form of a shrill shriek that resembles that of a human woman’s scream. The screams are believed by locals to be an omen of death and many folklorists have connected this legend with the well-known Irish legends of the Banshee.
Then, in 2001, a rare owl that was not known to be indigenous to the area was discovered to inhabit the vast forests of Sir Lanka. This owl has patches of feathers above its eyes that rise off the head like horns and it emits a screeching sound that is similar to that of a human. It matched the description of the Ulama perfectly. Picture
Many western explorers came back home from the African Congo with tales that they had heard from local tribes about a rain forest horse that was a mix between a giraffe and a zebra. Most dismissed these stories as the tall-tales of explorers looking for glory until the 20th century when western scientists finally recognized this animal’s existence. The strange thing about this animal, though, is that there was evidence for its existence all around us that we simply ignored. The animal was depicted in the art of the Egyptians and explorers even brought back strange zebra like pelts, but all of these were disregarded as hoaxes or legends. It was regarded as such a ridiculous myth that westerners coined the term “African Unicorn” to describe this animal.
Now imagine you are an explorer, just back from Australia trying to describe a new species you discovered that swims like an amphibian, has hair like a mammal, is poisonous like a reptile, and has a beak and lays eggs like a bird. Odds are you will be laughed at and your discovery would be considered a hoax and that is pretty much what happened in real life when explorers tried to tell biologists what they seen in Australia. Even when explorers brought back a stuffed Platypus, some were still insistent that this animal did not exist. It is an animal that just seems to make no sense at all.
For centuries tales of a giant squid-like creatures attacking ships were written off as the tall-tales of sailors. Large specimens of squid-like creatures had been obtained in the 1800s but this was not conclusive enough to completely confirm the actually existence of a massive squid. Then, in the 21st century, live specimens were caught and photographed proving the existence of these creatures that were once regulated to myths and legends.
The Bondegezou (“man of the forests”) is a legendary, ancestral spirit of the Moni people in Western Indonesia. Described as a tree-dwelling creature, the Bondegezou resembles a small man covered in black and white fur. It is said to be a tree climber, but often stands on the ground in a bipedal stance. In the 1980s, a photograph of the Bondegezou was sent to Australian research scientist Tim Flannery, who initially identified the creature as a young tree kangaroo. But in May, 1994, Flannery conducted a wildlife survey of the area and discovered that the animal in the picture was new to science. The Dingiso (Dendrolagus mbaiso), as the creature is also known, is a forest-dwelling marsupial with bold coloration that spends most of its time on the ground. The Dingiso remains a rare sight – the first real evidence of the creature was only skins, and to this day, no Dingiso exists in captivity.
For centuries, tales of large “ape-men” in East Africa have captivated explorers and natives alike. Numerous tribes have legends of massive, hairy creatures that would kidnap and eat humans, overpowering them with their ferocity and strength. The creatures go by many names, among them ngila, ngagi, and enge-ena. In the sixteenth century, English explorer Andrew Battel spoke of man-like apes that would visit his campfire at night, and in 1860, explorer Du Chaillu wrote of violent, bloodthirsty forest monsters. Up until the twentieth century, many of these tales were ignored or discounted.
A pearl Fisherman went back to an island in indonesia, only to be welcomed with tales of the so-called land crocodiles. And the rest is history. W. Douglas Burden introduced a lizard that stretches to ten feet with fangs that is venomous and claws that can kill any creature.
Male echidnas have a four-headed penis. During mating, the heads on one side "shut down" and do not grow in size; the other two are used to release semen into the female's two-branched reproductive tract.
Originally posted by smyleegrl
7. Animals not known from the fossil record nor related to any known species [e.g. North America's Bigfoot...