"The Senate committee's reports on 'US Chemical and Biological Warfare-Related Dual-Use Exports to Iraq', undertaken in 1992 in the wake of the Gulf
war, give the date and destination of all US exports. The reports show, for example, that on May 2, 1986, two batches of bacillus anthracis -- the
micro-organism that causes anthrax -- were shipped to the Iraqi Ministry of Higher Education, along with two batches of the bacterium clostridium
botulinum, the agent that causes deadly botulism poisoning.
The Senate report also makes clear that: 'The United States provided the government of Iraq with 'dual use' licensed materials which assisted in the
development of Iraqi chemical, biological and missile-system programs.'"
The Riegle Report - U.S. Chemical and Biological Warfare-Related Dual Use Exports to Iraq and their Possible Impact on the Health Consequences of the
From the introduction: "In October 1992, the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, which has Senate oversight responsibility for the
Export Administration Act (EAA), held an inquiry into the U.S. export policy to Iraq prior to the Persian Gulf War. During that hearing it was learned
that U.N. inspectors identified many U.S. - manufactured items exported pursuant to licenses issued by the U.S. Department of Commerce that were used
to further Iraq's chemical and nuclear weapons development and missile delivery system development programs."
OPENING STATEMENT OF CHAIRMAN DONALD W. RIEGLE, JR: The CHAIRMAN. The Committee will come to order.
Let me welcome all those in attendance this morning.
This is a very important hearing and we'll take whatever time we need today to pursue all of the issues that Members want to raise. Of course, we have
a follow-on hearing later in the afternoon.
I'm going to give an opening statement that summarizes what brings us to this hearing this morning. Then I'm going to call on Senator D'Amato and
other Members in the order in which they've arrived.
I also want to acknowledge the presence in the room of some of our Gulf War veterans who are suffering from the Gulf War Syndrome. I appreciate very
much both their service to this country and their attendance the morning.
Back in 1992, the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, which is the Committee which has Senate oversight for the Export Administration
Act, held an inquiry into the United States export policy to Iraq prior to the Persian Gulf War. During that hearing it was learned that U.N.
inspectors had identified many United States-manufactured items that had been exported from the United States to Iraq under licenses issued by the
Department of Commerce, and that these items were used to further Iraq's chemical and nuclear weapons development and missile delivery system
The Committee has worked to ensure since that time that this will not happen again and the Export Administration Act legislation we reported out
yesterday by a 19 to nothing bipartisan vote is an illustration of that.
edit on 18-3-2013 by PatriotGames2 because: (no reason given)