All red meat is risky, a study finds
Study: Too much red meat may shorten lifespan
any amount and any type -- appears to significantly increase the risk of premature death
All red meat’s bad for you, new study says
Want to live longer? Trade some of the red meat in your diet for fish, nuts, whole grains, and other healthier protein sources, Harvard
Here's what the new study is and found: Meat consumption and mortality - results from the European
Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
The researchers analyzed data from EPIC studies that involved a lot of people. These people were healthy, between 35 and 69, were surveyed and then
followed for 20 years. Reports were made on death, disease incidence and overall health during the 20 years.
Researchers were looking for the association between meat consumption and all-cause mortality. In other words, they wanted to know who died,
regardless of what caused it, and how much meat they consumed. Here's what they found:
As of June 2009, 26,344 deaths were observed. After multivariate adjustment, a high consumption of red meat was related to higher all-cause
mortality (hazard ratio (HR) = 1.14, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.01 to 1.28, 160+ versus 10 to 19.9 g/day), and the association was stronger for
processed meat (HR = 1.44, 95% CI 1.24 to 1.66, 160+ versus 10 to 19.9 g/day). After correction for measurement error, higher all-cause mortality
remained significant only for processed meat (HR = 1.18, 95% CI 1.11 to 1.25, per 50 g/d). We estimated that 3.3% (95% CI 1.5% to 5.0%) of deaths
could be prevented if all participants had a processed meat consumption of less than 20 g/day. Significant associations with processed meat intake
were observed for cardiovascular diseases, cancer, and 'other causes of death'. The consumption of poultry was not related to all-cause mortality.
Processed meat consumed at the highest amount was associated with a 45% increase in all-cause mortality. This includes people hit by cars, people
blowing their own brains out and people in car accidents. Everything. If you died and you were in this study group, you were included, regardless of
what killed you. When they adjusted for smoking, the association was reduced to 24%. In fact, adjusting for other lifestyle confounders, the
Interestingly, however, people who ate no processed meat died more than people with little to moderate processed meat intake. Those articles failed
to mention that though. The articles also fail to differentiate between unprocessed red meat, like a rib-eye steak, and processed meat, like a hot
Here's the real kicker... researchers found that unprocessed meat was barely associated with mortality. When the confounders--smoking, activity
levels, alcohol intake, weight--were adjusted for... the association drops completely off the radar.
That's right. Every media outlet is claiming that a new study says red meat increases your risk for death... and the study says no such
Look, people need to lay off the red meat is bad for you wagon. Stop trying to blame the steak and look more into the french fries and sugary drinks
by which steaks are always accompanied.
In the end, we have a study that simply provided correlations between meat consumption and death. Nothing more. Nothing less. And correlation does
not equal causation, folks.
edit on 13-3-2013 by DevolutionEvolvd because: (no reason given)