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The amygdala manages connections and responses between several regions of the brain. It's directly involved with emotional well-being, the fight-or-flight response and fear conditioning. A recent study suggests that the amygdala also plays a role in the complexity of social life. Activating the amygdala in a positive way stimulates higher order mental processes. This can improve creativity and intelligence while elevating positive emotions. The amygdala also processes feelings on the opposite end of the spectrum. We receive "bad feedback" whenever we perceive something as negative. It causes a strong emotional response that often leads to instinctual reactions. The emotional feedback is a good thing because it's quite useful. It lets us know when we are consciously creating a desired outcome or just reacting.
By noticing the difference in thought processes you can consciously control the direction which the amygdala sends its impulses. We can choose to stimulate the amygdala forward, turning on the reward centers for positive emotions. When the amygdala is stimulated forward it's sending signals to the frontal lobes. This is where the brain handles cognitive functions such as long-term decision making and appropriate social actions. These functions can play a major role in determining levels of success and happiness. When the amygdala signals backwards it's inducing a fear response. It is a state handled by the lower level reptilian brain, responsible for base instincts. Needless to say, thinking motivated by this part of the brain is not well suited for modern society. These responses, both positive and negative, are hard wired. However, because of how clever we humans are we can consciously control our responses, taking charge of our reactions to the environment.