posted on Mar, 2 2013 @ 05:13 AM
There are scattered referances in Sumerian/Mesopotamian literature to seven vampiric Demons, the Gallu, the tradition for this would appear to date
back to at least the 3rd Millenia BC, and seems to suggest a most intriguing background, in which the primordial rulers of the cosmos were overthrown
and remained ever vengeful within the Netherworld were they had been consigned.
The text that best outlines the seven;
tukkū Lemnūtu tablet 5
Weakening both heaven and earth, the spirit weakens lands,
the demon, whose arms are lofty, weakens lands,
the one whose arms are lofty and his gait is lofty.
The galla-demon is a goring ox, a great ghost,
a ghost who always climbs over all the houses.
The gallu-demons, the Seven of whom have no shame,
know not how to act kindly.
They ground down the land like flour,
and know not how to spare (anyone),
raging against people,
eating flesh, causing blood to flow, (then) drinking from the veins.
At this time they are the very images of the gods
in the house of the Holy Mound where the Ewe and Wheat abound -
the gallu-demons are filled with malevolence,
they do not cease consuming blood.
Adjure them with the oath, so that they never return to the nook and corner.
They have been adjured by heaven and they have been adjured by earth.
Apart from these seven, there was also Lamashtu, there is some suggestion that she was the Mother of these vampires, in her own right she was
-x šar-ka i-ka-al "
...she [Lamashtu] drinks blood"
-us.ku.ku.mes suh.nu.tum.mu.mes : akil da-mi la mupparkuti sunu
"they (the demons) are incessant drinkers of blood"
su bi.in.ku.ku.mes mud sur.sur.mes us.nag.mes : akil siri musaznin
da-me satu usiati
"eaters of flesh, who cause blood to flow, who drink (the blood of
She is fierce, she is terrible,
she is a goddess, she is an Amorite
and she is a she-wolf,
the daughter of heaven.
Her ... is the nest ...
[...of] the threshold is [her] place.
...she drinks blood,
she strangles babies, the weak(?) ones
she gives water of...to drink.
Anu begot her, Ea reared her,
Enlil doomed her a dog's face.
She is tiny of hands,
She is long of finger, long(er still) of nail.
Her forearms(?) are ...
She came right in the front door,
Slithering over the (door)post casing!
She slithered over the (door)post casing,
She has caught sight of the baby!
Seven seizures has she done him in his belly!
Pluck out your nails! Let loose your arms!
Before he gets to you, Ea, the warrior, as sage for the task.
The (door)post casing is big enough for you,
the doors are open,
Come then, be gone into the (door)post casing!
They will surely fill your mouth with dust, your face with sand,
With fine-ground mustard seeds they will fill your eyes!
I exorcise you by Ea's curse; you must be gone!
Were it gets really interesting is that the Father of the Seven appears to be Enmeshar;
In O.R. Gurney’s study of the Sultan Tepe tablets, a particular myth appears to mention Enmesharra –
the daughters of…Lamashtu..and Enmeshar,
. sprinkle them [with water] of ….”
“There are seven children of whom four are female but the allusion here to two daughters is obscure, as is the identity of the first deity mention
[the one that would be before Enmeshar if text werent broken]. “ Gurney hesitates to interpet the logogram in the damaged area as “Lamashtu” as
others have done
The name Enmeshar translates as 'Lord of the ME', the Me or Mes tablets were the written functions of authority, every aspect of life was governed
by a Mes Tablet, the holder having power of that aspect, the Tablet of Destinies was such that it gave absolute authority over Creation, as held by
The suggestion is that Enmeshar had been the first holder of the Mes tablets, in later myth Inanna tircks Anu and Enlil out of their Mes tablets and
becomes Queen of Heaven, or Ninmesharra, 'Lady of the Me', thus again there was seen to be a shift in the balance of power.
The opposition of m e / partsu and n a m t a r / shimtu is not just conceptually implied, but turns out to be made explicit in third millennium
cosmogony. 40 Herein a cosmic ocean, N a m m a , produces a proto-universe, Heaven and Earth undivided. In a series of stages, all represented by
gods, Heaven and Earth produce the Holy Mound (d u k u g ), which in its turn produces E n l i l , ‘Lord Ether’, who by his very existence
separates Heaven and Earth. E n l i l , representing the space between Heaven and Earth, the sphere of human and animal life, organises what he finds
by his decisions (n a m t a r / shimtu), and thus puts everything into place: the universe becomes a cosmos. Before being permanently subjected,
however, the primordial universe (Heaven and Earth) rebels; its representative, a member of the older generation of gods, E n m e sh a r r a , ‘Lord
All M e ’, tries to usurp E n l i l ’s prerogative to n a m t a r / shimtu (i.e. prerogative to make decisions). He is defeated by E n l i l and
incarcerated in the netherworld for good. The myth can be read as a theistically-slanted argument on two modes of defining order: an immutable
cosmological order (m e / partsu) whose unmistakable champion is E n m e sh a r r a , against a protean, individual-centred, volitional,
anthropomorphic order, whose champion is E n l i l .
The children of Enmeshar then are the vengeful Seven, associated with the Pleides
you are the statues of Sebettu, the great god]s,
the son[s of Enmesharra, who hold] furious [weapons],
having gir[t a quiver (on the side), holding a d[agger
leve[ling the mountains....]
Because of the evil ones
Unto Enmešarra, the adorned, speaking the word,
Marduk has spoken thus:
"Oh lord, steady-one, thy children are these seven.
Once again mightily I will work their overthrow".
When Enmešarra heard this,
'Woe' he said, and his mind became frenzied.
He opened his mouth and said this word:
Too mighty is their condemnation, my word is spoken".
. Nergal opened his mouth,
. Speaking the word to Enmešarra, the adorned:
From the beginning,
Yea from the beginning,
This one has has wrought thy desolation
The oil and honey which is cast into the gutter, is cast as a representation of thier blood.
The 19th day, which they call the Silence, is when he vanquished Anu and the Pleiades, the sons of Enmesharra
The ... of the lord, the raven is his mole; it is the ghost of Enmešarra, (which) keeps crying: "Burn me, burn me
An obscure and little known scenario, but like i said, intriguing...