From the book A History Of Secret Sociaties by Arkon Darul.
The earliest mentions of the witches sabbats;which were also known as "synagogues" came in the eleventh century,and seem to show the assimilation of
the Diana cult with another: one which involves the worship of a "black man".
then we have mentions of brewing of potions,rubbing on oinyments,meetings and spells at cross-roads,renouncing christianity and the use of the wax
image in a death-spell.
by the fifteenth century,there was a remarkable similarity between witch meeting reported or confessed to,in many countries,some without much contact
with one another.
reference will be made later to the "sabbat" rituals reported from sweden,spain,scotland and france. from the 7th~15th centuries the moors were ruling
spain and north africa. cultral penetration from their universities into western europe was enormous;
while their transltions of greek and other philosophical books posed a challenge which the theologians of the west were hard to meet during this very
same period, a strange cult had arisen in morocco,crossed the strits into andaluisa, and wasactively-if secretly-followed in the centres of arab
civilization with cosmopolitan populations. the latter consisted of arabized jews,christians scholors and wandering ascetics who travelled from one
country to another in search of knowlage. the cult was called by the arab authorities[who tried to put it down] "the double horned", and it seemed to
be connected moon-worship.
it was certainly associated with magic, and its similarities to what were later reported as witch practises are very close. the devotees of this cult
met on thursday nights,were initiated by having a wound inflicted somewhere on their bodies[which left a smallscar],and beleived that they could raise
magical power by dancing in or around a circle. some of them claim that they at times carried out religious services which involved the saying of the
moslem prayers backwards,and invoking el aswad(the black man)to help them. they served their priests, whom they saw only rarely, says the historian
ibn jafar,after taking an oath of fealty of body and soul,they were drawn from all sections of the community, were of both sexes, and used ritual
knives in the scarring ceremony. these knives were known as al-dhamme' or bloodletters.
here is a typical initiation ceremony of the horned ones:we gathered by night, where two paths met and crossed; and he who had been so instructed bore
with him a cock, which was to be sacrificed as the emblem of the new day. each carried a staff with two horns in brass upon the head; which is
symbolical of the goat which is ridden,the sign of power and irresistiblity. "this meeting which is called the zabbat,the forceful or powerful one;
and the circle of companions are the kafan(arabic for winding sheet).
We were thus termed, because each man wears over his naked flesh during the ritual only the white plain sheet in which he will be buried. "i was given
the sanctity that night, and to join with the band of the elect who would spread joy throughout the world.
those of us who are companions of the rabbna(our lord) examplified by the blacksmith". in morocco to this day, blacksmiths are considered to be great
sorcerers; and in the middle east in general(as well as in the arabian nights)it is the moor who is always the magician.
However, we find that amoung the blue eyed berbers of the moroccan atlas, a similar type of cermonry is still in exant.ABDELMALIK HAROUNI,in his
MUAJIZAT- IFRIQUIA wonders of africa, writing a thousand years later in constantinople, speaks of the berber sect of the horned ones, who lights fires
and dance around them, each member carries a staff called the goat which he throws away during the ecstacy of the ritual dance.
now here comes the european connection;it seams quite possible that medieval european witch craft was amixture of two hornism, and various folk belief
from pre-christian times.
in 1324,the trail of lady Kyteler in ireland brought allegations that she was a witch; that she sacrificed a red cock to one, who was called an
Ethiopian; the use of the name ROBIN and ROBINET; and variations is more than once found in European witch craft cases, the apperance of the blackman
is not uncommon. was there a connection between moors and western europe as early this? most decidedly so' and much earlier, Anglo-Saxon coins
imitating Arab dinars of A.D.774 were struck by king Offa. with the there is only one god Allah and Mohammad is his messenger, the originals were
minted by the caliph who ruled Spain. Lady Kyteler sacrificed to one robbin the above should say.
Below is my opinion not taken from the book:
Maybe the religious reformation/jihaad carried out by the Alomravids at the closing of the Ghanaian empire,had at lot do with the above,imagine a
fifth coloum of African non-islamic religious ideas permeating the Islmaic empire like a virus affecting even potential heathen Christian
he Goat of Mendes Or Banebdjedet
I believe the goat mentioned above is non other than the goat of Mendes reintroduced by Africans who never let go of the old religion here is what
Herodotus and Diodorus had to say on the matter.
also Banebdjet, Banebdjed etc
A fertility god, the "Ba of the Lord of Mendes" was originally a ram with horns shaped like cork-screws, later he was often thought of as a
billy-goat. He was the ba of Re, Shu, Geb and Osiris. He replaced the fish goddess Hatmehit as the main deity of Mendes. Later she became his consort
and together they were parents to Harpocrates of Mendes.
According to Herodotus his devotees did not sacrifice goats:
[2.42.1] Those, on the contrary, who possess a temple dedicated to Mendes, or belong to the Mendesian canton, abstain from offering goats, and
sacrifice sheep instead.
[2.46.1] I mentioned above that some of the Egyptians abstain from sacrificing goats, either male or female. The reason is the following:- These
Egyptians, who are the Mendesians, consider Pan to be one of the eight gods who existed before the twelve, and Pan is represented in Egypt by the
painters and the sculptors, just as he is in Greece, with the face and legs of a goat. They do not, however, believe this to be his shape, or consider
him in any respect unlike the other gods; but they represent him thus for a reason which I prefer not to relate. The Mendesians hold all goats in
veneration, but the male more than the female, giving the goatherds of the males especial honour. One is venerated more highly than all the rest, and
when he dies there is a great mourning throughout all the Mendesian canton. In Egyptian, the goat and Pan are both called Mendes.
edit on 1-3-2013 by Spider879 because: (no reason given)