Reminiscent of old Zimbabwe far to the South of Africa is these ruins in Burkina Fasso the link the gold producing cities to the south of the savanna
empires had contacts to the forest empires like the Ashanti and others.
The 11,130m2 property, the first to be inscribed in the country, with its imposing stone walls is the best preserved of ten fortresses in the Lobi
area and is part of a larger group of 100 stone enclosures that bear testimony to the power of the trans-Saharan gold trade. Situated near the borders
of Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana and Togo, the ruins have recently been shown to be at least 1,000 years old. The settlement was occupied by the Lohron or
Koulango peoples, who controlled the extraction and transformation of gold in the region when it reached its apogee from the 14th to the 17th century.
Much mystery surrounds this site large parts of which have yet to be excavated. The settlement seems to have been abandoned during some periods during
its long history. The property which was finally deserted in the early 19th century is expected to yield much more information.
The dramatic and memorable Ruins of Loropéni consist of imposing, tall, laterite stone perimeter walls, up to six metres in height, surrounding a
large abandoned settlement. As the best preserved of ten similar fortresses in the Lobi area, part of a larger group of around a hundred stone-built
enclosures, they are part of a network of settlements that flourished at the same time as the trans-Saharan gold trade and appear to reflect the power
and influence of that trade and its links with the Atlantic coast.
Recent excavations have provided radio-carbon dates suggesting the walled enclosure at Loropéni dates back at least to the 11th century AD and
flourished between the 14th and 17th centuries, thus establishing it as an important part of a network of settlements.
Yegala ruins Sierra Leon
African archaeology is still in it's infancy case in point in Sierra Leon we have the Yegala ruins Sierra Leon but nothing is known about them
despite the site being abandoned at the turn of the last century.
I bet the Sahara also is yet to reveal most of it's secrets,as well as the forest zones but urbanization in West Africa were contemporary with the
1st dyn kings of Kemet,the above Dhar tichtitt.
Africans build in stone when materials is available they use Adobe styles when confronted by the desert
Kirikongo is a successful village founded in the early first millennium AD and most likely abandoned ~ AD 1400. With the establishment of an
occupational chronology it will be possible to model the development or foundation point of various mounds within the group over time. In order to
analyze social dynamics, it is necessary to establish contemporaneity between component parts.
The Koumbi Saleh tumulus has a circumference of 2.4 kilometers and occupies 44 hectares of land. It was formerly surrounded by a wall, most of which
is no longer traceable on the ground, but vestiges of its monumental gate are still visible. Remnants of other encircling walls suggest either
different stages of fortification development or a city fortified by a double- or triple-wall defense system. Within the walls, the city was densely
built up on higher and lower elevations. Archaeologists have identified three principal thoroughfares as well as numerous narrow, straight streets and
a large square, which probably served as a market, and many small squares. These public spaces demarcated the sixty blocks of single- and multi-story
stone houses on the city’s higher elevation. Rows of shops connected to the houses’ street fronts opened onto the streets. In this section of the
city (measuring 700 by 700 meters) were located
the royal palace and the residences of officials and rich merchants. Surrounding the elevated quarters is the city’s lower section (measuring 500 by
Ashanti Town of Kumasi and yes forest dwelling west Africans built towns like this before western contacts with grid iron streets.