posted on Feb, 19 2013 @ 11:58 AM
Welcome to Lesser Known Historical Structures You Should See: Part II.
For anyone who missed part one, here's a link:
Lesser Known Historical Structures You Should See: Part I
In Part II, we'll take a look at a few structures that while being well-known to archeologist, as well as tourist, have slipped through the cracks of
the knowledge to be found on ATS.
First, Let's have a look at the ancient Ruins of Nalanda. It was the site of an ancient university in India, and was famed for the library that it
once contained until being burned in 1193.
Ruins of Nalanda
Nālandā was an ancient center of higher learning in Bihar, India. The site is located about 88 kilometers south east of Patna, and was a
religious center of learning from the fifth century CE to 1197 CE. Nalanda flourished between the reign of the Śakrāditya (whose identity is
uncertain and who might have been either Kumara Gupta I or Kumara Gupta II) and 1197 CE, supported by patronage from the Hindu Gupta rulers as well as
Buddhist emperors like Harsha and later emperors from the Pala Empire.
The complex was built with red bricks and its ruins occupy an area of 14 hectares. At its peak, the university attracted scholars and students from as
far away as Tibet, China, Greece, and Persia. Nalanda was ransacked and destroyed by an army under Bakhtiyar Khilji in 1193. The great library of
Nalanda University was so vast that it is reported to have burned for three months after the invaders set fire to it, ransacked and destroyed the
monasteries, and drove the monks from the site. In 2006, Singapore, China, India, Japan, and other nations, announced a proposed plan to restore and
revive the ancient site as Nalanda International University.
Nalanda University was one of the first universities in the world, founded in the 5th Century BC, and reported to have been visited by the Buddha
during his lifetime. At its peak, in the 7th century AD, Nalanda held some 10,000 students when it was visited by the Chinese scholar
Next on the list, we have Incallajta in Bolivia, an ancient Inca site, that is often overlooked when compared to some of the other more mysterious
ruins of the Inca.
Incallajta (Quechua: Inka llaqta, inca city) is a monumental Inca site in central Bolivia, Cochabamba Department, Carrasco Province, Pocona
Municipality, approximately 130 kilometers east of Cochabamba. It was most recently excavated by Larry Coben. Also spelled "Inkallakta", "Incallacta"
and "Incallajta", the name literally means "Inca Town or Community."
To the north of the city of Totora hugging the Cordillera de Cochabamba the landscape changes rapidly to reveal the stunning ruins of Incallajta.
The ruins are located about two hours and fifteen minutes drive or 142 Km. from the city of Cochabamba. The great fortress of Incallajta is a
testament to the splendor of the Incan Empire, its massive stone constructions covering roughly 12 hectares following the natural inclines of its
protected mountainous location. Some researchers now believe that the complex predates the Incas by around 700 years and served other functions in
addition to defense, but this magnificent site is very under-studied by archeologists. This national monument has stunning features like “La
Kallanka” a single building whose still standing stone walls measure 22 meters wide and 78 meters long, making it one of the largest pre-Colombian
roofed buildings in the hemisphere. The nearby waterfall called Pajcha was likely a site of ritual ceremonies.
edit on 19-2-2013 by isyeye because: (no reason given)