When one hears of the Kongo Great Lakes region,what comes to mind.a humid hell on earth.a by-word for all thats wrong with Africa.Tarzan's play
ground,Heart Of Darkness, centuries old Slave factory and a cruel rubber baron's personal estate,so cruel he would make Hitler,Pol Pot,Idi-Amin
murderous Hutus and Tutsis proud, a place where humanity stagnates,but what if I were to tell you it was not always thus.that civilizations sprang up
in this region,that it sends out cultural and genetic bearers that influenced Kush,Kemet aka Egypt and lands of the Mediterranean north and South,that
most of us have been influenced culturally today by folks that originated from that region in ways we can't even imagine.
More To Come.
The Ishango Bone
Most histories of mathematics devote only a few pages to Ancient Egypt and to northern Africa during the 'Middle Ages´. Generally they ignore the
history of mathematics in Africa south of the Sahara and give the impression that this history either did not exist or, at least, is not knowable,
traceable, or, stronger still, that there was no mathematics at all south of the Sahara. In history, to Europeans, even the Africanity of Egyptian
mathematics is often denied or suffers eurocentric views of conceptions of both 'history' and of 'mathematics' form the basis of such views.
High in the mountains of Central Equatorial Africa, on the borders of Uganda and Zaire lies Lake Edward, a source of the Nile. It is a small lake
(about 30 miles by 60 miles).
Though the area is sparsely populated today, approximately 25,000 (update from 9,000) years ago by the shores of the lake lived a small community that
fished, gathered, and grew crops The settlement only existed a few hundred years before being buried in a volcanic eruption. The place where their
remains were found (1960) has a name now given to these people - Ishango. Among their remains is the second oldest mathematical object (the oldest is
here) in Africa.
Some say that the Ishango Bone is the oldest table of prime numbers. Marshack later concluded, on the basis of his microscopic examination, that it
represented a six-month lunar calendar.
prime numbers or menstral calendar
The most interesting, of a large number of tools discovered in 1960 at Ishango, is a bone tool handle called the Ishango Bone (now located on the 19th
floor of the Royal Institute for Natural Sciences of Belgium in Brussels, and can only be seen on special demand). At one end of the Ishango Bone is a
piece of quartz for writing, and the bone has a series of notches carved in groups (shown below). It was first thought these notches were some kind of
tally marks as found to record counts all over the world. However, the Ishango bone appears to be much more than a simple tally. The markings on rows
(a) and (b) each add to 60. Row (b) contains the prime numbers between 10 and 20. Row (a) is quite consistent with a numeration system based on 10,
since the notches are grouped as 20 + 1, 20 - 1, 10 + 1, and 10 - 1. Finally, row (c) seems to illustrate for the method of duplication
(multiplication by 2) used more recently in Egyptian multiplication.
Recent studies with microscopes illustrate more markings and it is now
understood the bone is also a lunar phase counter. Who but a woman keeping track of her cycles would need a lunar calendar? Were women our first
The God Bes
The first one is a sculpture of a Yoruba figure called a Child of Obatala. Obatala is a Yoruba god. And the second one is the Egyptian god Bes. the
third one is from the Kongo And all three are wearing a skull necklace.
The God Bes is connected to the Ba-Twa commonly known as Pygmies they were brought to Kush and Kemet to do the dances of the Gods,this pre-supposed
some ancestral connections with that area especially when we factor in the Mountains of the moon and the source of the Nile
more to com.
edit on 15-2-2013 by Spider879 because: To add more info.
edit on 15-2-2013 by Spider879 because: (no reason
edit on 15-2-2013 by Spider879 because: (no reason given)