As stated, the lines have been mapped with great accuracy, but interpretation as to what the lines mean is still hotly debated among archaeologists.
Since little material culture exists and the lines themselves are difficult if impossible to date, no one really knows who occupied Nazca and at what
time. The paper I referenced in above posts provides terrific data provides the most detailed and recent site analysis. The data from recent survey's
calls into questions previously accepted theories regarding Nazca and when the lines were created. Helaine Silverman and David Browne dated the lines
to between 400-650 AD ("New evidence for the date of the Nazca lines". Antiquity 65 (247): 208–220) the modern survey's call into question this
Most recent evidence suggests that Nazca went through various eras of occupation and may have been occupied by distinct cultural groups over a 2,000
year (or longer) history. What groups were responsible for making what lines remains unknown. Some believed that Nazca functioned as a religious
pilgrimage site (like mecca for instance) and was not a inhabited year round. Others have argued that it operated as a large primitive textile
factory for the Paracas culture. Some argue that it was a religious center for sedentary culture which worshiped water deities and studied astronomy.
It is very possible that over its history, Nazca served all these purposes, for all these different cultural groups. It is a gross over
simplification to say "Nazca" as it is some distinct social group, trapped in one era of time. The site is far more complex. If you highlight every
Line, you will not be able to view the actual message. The original intent of the Lines may be obscured, due to everything from later occupants
copying what they saw, later occupants making different markings to serve a unique social function, or modern day use and vandalism.
What is clear is that whomever made the lines, during whatever stage- of-use of the site, wanted to communicate something, to someone, for some
purpose. Different sets of lines, made by different people, may all communicate a different ideas. Needless to say an incredible understanding of
geometry and surveying skills was employed throughout the course of occupation at the site. Nazca represents one of, if not the most, unique forms of
monumental construction in the world. The site has always served some esoteric social function for the people who visited or occupied Nazca. This in
itself is an interesting phenomena, seen in only a few locations on the planet. Most occupations both ancient and modern are the result of some
practical (non mystical) reason.
What happened all those years ago to make Nazca a special place? No one knows. What I do know, is that the answer, in someway, will come from
understanding those damn lines.
The Lines have been mapped, but they remain misunderstood. To approach this problem you need to know what Lines were made when and then apply some
mathematical analysis to establish a pattern between the Lines made during the same date range (modern survey's are required for this). The people who
wrote the lines had a deep and prideful understanding of complex mathematical concepts and longed to communicate their knowledge of such things to
future generations, god, or who knows maybe even aliens. I really believe that mathematical spacial analysis, specifically based on an application of
Polar Coordinate systems, is the key to cracking the Nazca code.
edit on 15-2-2013 by IndianaJoe because: (no reason given)