Originally posted by shivaX
'one which has contributed nothing to humanity in the last 1000 years'
Sorry to piss on your parade, however that's actually disgusting of you to say so. Islam has ben so integral and innovative to the scientific
community for a time Arabic was the international scientific language, rather than Greek or Latin. And I'll tell you why; Islam encourages scientific
innovation and exploration, Christianity pushed it away. As a result, there was never a "Dark Age" under Islam which the West suffered under
Did you know, for example, that the ships of Christopher Columbus, Magellan and Da Gamma all had Muslim Navigators and wouldn't have been possible
The Quran and the Sunnah actively encourage Muslims to seek knowledge and be scholars, since this is the best way for people to know Allah, to
appreciate His wondrous creations and be thankful for them. Christianity on the other hand at the time was quite fearful and abhorrent of science and
it took a long time to catch up.
Here are a few contributions for you:
1. Irrigation & farming. Islam revolutionized farming methods for the West, the way we can feed ourselves in the way that we do today is because Islam
figured it out.
"God created no illness, except that He has established for it a cure, except for old age. When the antidote is applied, the patient will recover." -
Concepts such as hygiene were completely non-existent in the West, they thought infection was caused by "bad air". It took the West over 900
to catch up to Islam until in 1865 when Lister figured it out by mistake. Not to mention various medical instruments many of which are still
in use today. Also the founding understanding and concepts of how the human eye works.
3. Industry; The Chinese used paper first, hundreds of years previously but the reason it became so widespread in the west was because Islam wasn't
isolationist like China was and was willing to share their techniques. Without Islam it might have been 100's of years more until paper made its way
to you The Great Library of Alexandria was translated, maintained and added to extensively by Islamic scholars until the Mongols burnt it down.
4. Mathematics & Astronomy. Islamic concepts in these fields include geometry, the concepts of algebra and zero. It brought you the telescope,
revolutionised optics, and the widespread concept that the world was round and so on.
Islam always encouraged looking at the sky and exploring the Universe around us:
"We will show you our signs and patterns in the horizons/universe and in yourselves until you are convinced that the revelation is the truth." [Noble
4. Cannons & other powder based artillery and the bases of gunnery. Islam, through the Turks and later Ottomans pioneered these weapons and honed them
to near perfection. They laid out the basework for ballistics, and Islamic gunsmiths were hired by western officials to help them build their own
artillery regiments. It wasn't until the mid 18th century that the west overtook them in these technologies, although down to organizational and
logistical capabilities, western armies were always more powerful in that time.
5. Anatomy. At a time where Christianity forbid the dissection of human cadavers, Islam did not and it was encouraged. Much was learnt, and many of
the pitfalls the west fell into, assuming things about their own bodies based on those of dogs, pigs and horses, were avoided as a result.
6. Universities. The 2 oldest universities in the world were built by and still stand in Islamic nations. Famous European Universities were modeled on
I could go on to geography, physics, chemistry, pharmacology and architecture; but I think that will do for now.
edit on 1-2-2013 by sajuek
because: (no reason given)