posted on Jan, 25 2013 @ 09:16 AM
PLEASE REMAIN COURTEOUS IN YOUR POSTS OR ELSE THE THREAD WILL BE CLOSED.
My purpose of this thread is to create a record of what happened from a historic perspective, and to establish for each piece of information a measure
of its estimated reliability.
"Jewishness" is not defined by race. It is defined by the religious belief, the faith in the covenant between God and the land of Israel.
Technically, anybody can become Jewish by conversion.
1) Abraham, according to the Bible, was from Babylonia (Ur) and moved to Canaan (Israel) where he had one son, Isaac. It is believed he lived between
1900 BC and 1600 BC, and, that his life was documented first in the Torah around 500 BC. Isaac had two sons Jacob and Esau. Jacob had 12 sons and one
daughter, including Joseph.
2) Joseph, and later his 11 brothers, are said to have moved to Egypt (Most biblical scholars and historians view the patriarchical narratives as
literary compositions that have ideological and theological purposes but are unreliable for historical reconstruction).
3) According to the Book of Exodus, the Jews left Egypt to return to Israel but 600,000 died before reaching the goal, possibly between 1300 BC and
1600 BC. The Exodus story, written around 500 BC as part of the Torah, as well as the existence of Moses himself, are disputed amongst archaeologists
and Egyptologists, citing logical inconsistencies.
4) As the beginning of the so-called "Diaspora" (or dispersion), from 597 BC until 538 BC, Jews were moved in 3 deportations into the Babylonian
exile and only allowed to return to Israel after Babylonia was conquered by the Persians. This exile is described in the books of Jeremiah, 2 Kings, 2
Chronicles, Ezra, Daniel and Ezekiel. Professor Lester Grabbe argues that there was no decree and that the archaeology suggests that the return was a
5) The Jews were persecuted by the Romans and Jesus was crucified in abbout 30 AD. There were 3 Jewish Revolts against Roman rule between 66 and 135
AD with a claimed 2 million Jews killed. This is part of the story of the New Testament.
6) The Jews were expelled by followers of the newly rising Muslim religion after 638. They are said to have moved to many other parts of the world but
the historical record is very incomplete about where. Professor Israel Bartal concluded "Although the myth of an exile from the Jewish homeland
(Palestine) does exist in popular Israeli culture, it is negligible in serious Jewish historical discussions".
7) Around 800 AD, people of the Khazar nation, with no ethnic connection to Palestine, converted to Judaism. Khazar was taken over by the Russians and
the Khazar Jews were apparently dispersed into many parts of Russia and Eastern Europe.
8) From 1095 until 1272 there were as many as 9 "crusades" to Jerusalem. The Catholic Church did not target Jews but Jews did become victims of some
9) In Germany, an ethnic group called Ashkenazi Jews grew but it is not known where they came from. Jews in all European countries became repeatedly
victims of discrimination, expulsions, and hateful attacks, including so-called pogroms. Jews were forced to migrate frequently as a result.
10) In the 1880's started a movement called Zionism (named after Mount Sion, which however refers to Jerusalem and "the World to Come"). In 1917
Zionism succeeded in convincing Great Britain's government to issue the Balfour Declaration, pledging its support for the Jews to move to Israel
(then called Palestine, a part of the Ottoman empire).
11) World War II, saw an estimated 6 million Jews being killed, justified by racial reasoning.
12) The United Nations passed a Partion Plan in 1947 that created the State of Israel, next to the remaining "Palestinian territory". Since 1945,
the majority of Jews have migrated to the USA and to Israel.
I probably missed a lot but I want to focus on the migrations' historic record, if possible.