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A late 2012 article in the journal Antiquity featured the well preserved and extensive bone and ivory artifacts recovered from the Yana Rhinoceros Horn Sites, six 28,000 year old sites located above the Arctic Circle in far eastern Siberia. Yana RHS is important for a number of reasons, not the least is its age and location, east of the Verkhoyansk Range in Siberia, and thus close enough in time and space to be a candidate site for the initial colonists of the Americas. Putting the article in Antiquity allowed the researchers to show off color images of the artifacts, some of which lead archaeologist Vladimir V. Pitulko was kind enough to let me use in this new photo essay.
Originally posted by LeLeu
reply to post by predator0187
That's great Pred, thanks for posting this
It boggles my mind to think that people were living that far north during the ice age.
They also found the broken, cut and burnt bones of mammoths, musk ox, brown bear, wolverine, bison, horses and cave lion, and identified the pollen of larch and birch. The finds confirmed a picture of a cool, dry climate, with abundant game
"Abundant game means lots of food," Julie Brigham-Grette of the University of Massachusetts told Science. "It was not stark tundra, as one might imagine."
Bluefish Caves is the name of a Paleoarctic archaeological site composed by a series of small caves located in the Yukon Territory, Canada. The site represents one of the earliest evidence of human occupation in the North American continent. Remains of Pleistocene mammoth, bison, horse, caribou and muskoxen, were found in shallow deposits within three limestone cavities located above the Bluefish river
Bluefish Caves is an archaeological site in Yukon, Canada, located 54 km southwest of the Vuntut Gwichin community of Old Crow, from which a specimen of allegedly human-worked mammoth bone has been radiocarbon dated to 28,000 years before present (y.b.p.).
Bluefish Cave was initially discovered by a fish expedition in 1976.  The initial find of a mammoth bone spear point was made by archaeologist Jacques Cinq-Mars in 1978-79,  but not radiocarbon dated and published until the early 1990s due to lack of funding. As the Clovis-First theory, which dominated New World archaeology until recent years, is revered by the archeological establishment, the research of Cinq-Mars that suggests a date of 28,000 y.b.p. was largely ignored, and he was unable to obtain funding for follow-up research until 2008.  Findings at a site in Chile dated human existence there back to 12,500 years ago. With the Chile site findings being decreed valid by prominent archeologists, it gave renewed interest and possible validity in the Bluefish Cave sites.
Recently another team has discovered allegedly human-worked mammoth bone flakes in the Bluefish Caves area, radiocarbon dated to an even earlier period of 40,000 y.b.p.