Evolution is driven by natural selection.
Natural selection is the process by which an individual with an advantageous adaptation has a greater survival rate than an individual without said
adaptation. The individual then goes on to reproduce, passing on his adaptation to the next generation.
When natural selection happens over many generations and changes the allele frequency* in a population, it is called evolution.
*an allele is an expression of a gene, so blue eyes are an allele, brown eyes are an allele etc
I have to clarify your misunderstanding of evolution before I continue - it always comes across as minor, pedantic, nitpicky etc but I assure you
it's the most important concept you need to grasp in order to understand the theory of evolution:
Humans did not evolve from monkeys (or animals), rather, both humans and monkeys are descendants of a common ancestor which evolved in different
ways to produce different species.
It's easiest to think of evolution like a freeway, you can come off the freeway at any point.
Now as for why we don't have natural disaster awareness any more, it's a tricky one. As far as I know, there are no studies on the issue so this is
If there are only a few closely related species which can detect natural disasters (I don't know) then I would suggest that at some point their
common ancestor developed the ability, and it remained prevalent in the population due to the obvious survival benefits it brings - however, since
that common ancestor had already branched off from the main trunk, it wasn't related to us and we never developed the ability.
Alternatively, if it's a widespread thing in all species except us, I'd argue that it has a reduced advantage in humans due to the development of
our 3rd brains - we began building weapons and shelter, which were a much greater selection advantage than natural disaster awareness. As time has
passed, the allele for natural disaster awareness has become irrelevant and been diluted in the population.