reply to post by UmbraSumus
In ALL sincerity suggesting I have embellished anything sounds obsessive.
My opinion of what it takes to get a Masters Degree in this country is irrelevant to this discussion. The topic addresses how materialism has failed
to address the obvious issue of violence in our society with meaning, that actually helped the problem. Rather that added more misery to the masses as
a result of there continued egocentric effort to claim they know better.
Replications and Extensions of the Stanford Prison Experiment
A Prison Experiment Replication in Another Culture
A team of researchers at the University of New South Wales, Australia extended the SPE by having one condition similar to ours and several other
variants to explore how social organizations influence the relationship between prisoners and guards (Lovibond, Mithiran, & Adams, 1979). Their
"Standard Custodial" regime was modeled on medium security prisons in Australia and was closest in its procedure to the SPE. The "Individualized
Custodial" regime added guard training that encouraged prisoner self-respect while maintaining security. The "Participatory" regime went beyond
custodial care to train guards to encourage constructive and responsible behavior among the prisoners. Six prisoners and four guards were randomly
assigned to these three treatments for a four-day period. An equal number of participants were included in a replication of these three regimes.
(There was a high degree of replicability of the results of all three simulations, one of the most compelling features of the experiment for the
A constant undercurrent of hostility between prisoners and guards characterized the Standard Custodial regime. This role-playing simulation mimicked
what was experienced in the SPE: hostile exchanges, arbitrary control, and harassment, frustrations, and insubordination. However, there was not the
same sense among the prisoners of not being able to terminate their participation at will as happened in our study. The authors conclude, "It is clear
that our Standard Custodial regime induced ordinary people with little knowledge and no experience of prisons, to behave in much the same way as
prisoners and officers in real prisons. On the other hand, changes in the experimental prison regime produced dramatic changes in the relations
between officer and prisoner subjects." (p. 283)
The Individualized Custodial regime developed a paternalistic atmosphere, with flat affect, and little hostility. Most benign was the Participatory
regime, which created a general atmosphere of tolerance and cooperation: no hostility, and conflicts readily resolved within groups.
The researchers go on to summarize the central conclusion of their rigorous experimental protocol by noting, "Our results thus support the major
conclusion of Zimbardo et al that hostile, confrontive relations in prisons result primarily from the nature of the prison regime, rather than the
personal characteristics of inmates and officers." (Pp. 283, 285) These results, within this research design, also help offset skepticism about the
validity of such simulation experiments by providing baselines to assess behavioral changes from objectively defined structural characteristics of
real life prisons. In passing, I should add that one reason why there may have been less violence in this replication than in the SPE was the
culturally determined afternoon tea break for all participants. Perhaps this procedure should be more widely instituted in all our prisons.
edit on 18-1-2013 by Kashai because: modified content