posted on Nov, 23 2004 @ 06:38 PM
US submarine class. Adder was the first of a class of seven US submarines launched between July 1901 and January 1903. They were improved versions of
the prototype "Holland" (SS1) which had been purchased in 1900.
The design was drawn up by the Electric Boat Company of Groton, Connecticut, but the boats were built by the Crescent Company (Adder, Plunger,
Moccasin, Porpoise and Shark) and the Union Iron Works (Grampus and Pike). The Adder was the first to commission, on 12 January 1903, and the last
two, Porpoise and Shark, commissioned in September 1903. All except the Plunger were transferred to the Philippines as deck cargo about the colliers
Caesar and Hector.
On 17 November 1911 all US submarines were given numbers instead of names, and as the "Holland" had been stricken, the Adder Class became the
"A"Class. In 1920 the USN adopted a standard hull numbering system, and this was made retrospective to include units that no longer existed. The A
Class thus became SS 2-8. A 5 was sunk at Cavite (Philippines) on 15 April 1917 after an explosion, and on 24 July of the same year A 7 lost her
entire crew in an engine room explosion. The six surviving boats were stricken on 16 January, 1922 (A 1 had been stricken in February, 1913) and all
were sunk as targets.
Displacement: 107/123t (surf/sub); length: 19.42m (63'9") oa beam:3.65m (12') draught: 3.19m (10'6"); Machinery: single shaft petrol engine,
160bhp=8kn (surf), electric motor, 150eph=7knots; Armament: 1 x 18in TT with 3 rounds; Crew: 7.
Love the photo of the Adder undergoing trials in 1903. There are two narrow ventilation funnels about 5-6' tall forward, and one thick braced one
about 7" tall at the stern. Three crewmen sitting on the chair high conning tower, one in a dark sea coat and one wearing a tropical pith helmet
(think the hunter in "Jumanji"). In the background is a two masted steam sloop with a clipper bow and white painted hulls.
2004 hi tech might be great, but give me 1903 adventure anyday.