reply to post by Camperguy
THEY have been involved with the military government [MIEC] for about 50 years. They have no reason to land on the lawn when they are already in the
basement. Besides, they already did a fly over in 1952.
Dossier : ABOVE the White House Lawn
"At 11:40 p.m. on Saturday, July 19, 1952, Edward Nugent, an air-traffic controller at Washington National Airport, spotted seven objects on his
radar. The objects were located 15 miles south-southwest of the city; no known aircraft were in the area and the objects were not following any
established flight paths. Nugent's superior, Harry Barnes, a senior air-traffic controller at the airport, watched the objects on Nugent's
radarscope. He later wrote:
"We knew immediately that a very strange situation existed . . . their movements were completely radical compared to those of ordinary aircraft"
(Clark, p. 653).
Barnes had two controllers check Nugent's radar; they found that it was working normally. Barnes then called National Airport's other radar center;
the controller there, Howard Cocklin, told Barnes that he also had the objects on his radarscope. Furthermore, Cocklin said that by looking out of the
control tower window he could see one of the objects:
"a bright orange light. I can't tell what's behind it" (Clark, 653).
At this point, other objects appeared in all sectors of the radarscope; when they moved over the White House and the United States Capitol, Barnes
called Andrews Air Force Base, located 10 miles from National Airport. Although Andrews reported that they had no unusual objects on their radar, an
airman soon called the base's control tower to report the sighting of a strange object. Airman William Brady, who was in the tower, then saw an
"object which appeared to be like an orange ball of fire, trailing a tail . . . [it was] unlike anything I had ever seen before."
As Brady tried to alert the other personnel in the tower, the strange object "took off at an unbelievable speed" and vanished in "a split second".
He then observed a second, similar object, but it also disappeared before anyone else in the tower could see it (Clark, 654). At 12:30 a.m. on July
20, another person in the National Airport control tower reported seeing "an orange disk about 3,000 feet altitude".
On one of the airport's runways, S.C. Pierman, a Capital Airlines pilot, was waiting in the cockpit of his DC-4 for permission to take off. After
spotting what he believed to be a meteor, he was told that the control tower's radar had picked up unknown objects closing in on his position.
Pierman observed six objects - "white, tailless, fast-moving lights" - over a 14-minute period (Clark, 655). Pierman was in radio contact with
Barnes during his sighting, and Barnes later related that "each sighting coincided with a pip we could see near his plane. When he reported that the
light streaked off at a high speed, it disappeared on our scope."
At Andrews AFB, meanwhile, the control tower personnel were tracking on radar what some thought to be unknown objects, but others suspected, and in
one instance were able to prove, were simply stars and meteors. However, Staff Sgt. Charles Davenport observed an orange-red light to the south; the
light "would appear to stand still, then make an abrupt change in direction and altitude . . . this happened several times" (Clark, 655).
At one point both radar centers at National Airport and the radar at Andrews AFB were tracking an object hovering over a radio beacon. The object
vanished in all three radar centers at the same time (Ruppelt, p. 160). At 3 a.m., shortly before two jet fighters from Newcastle AFB in Delaware
arrived over Washington, all of the objects vanished from the radar at National Airport. However, when the jets ran low on fuel and left, the objects
returned, which convinced Barnes that "the UFOs were monitoring radio traffic and behaving accordingly" (Clark, 656).
The objects were last detected by radar at 5:30 a.m. Around sunrise, E.W. Chambers, a civilian radio engineer in Washington's suburbs, observed
"five huge disks circling in a loose formation. They tilted upward and left on a steep ascent."
At 8:15 p.m. on Saturday, July 26, 1952, a pilot and stewardess on a National Airlines flight into Washington observed some strange objects above
their plane. Within minutes, both radar centers at National Airport, and the radar at Andrews AFB, were tracking more unknown objects. A master
sergeant at Andrews visually observed the objects; he later said that "these lights did not have the characteristics of shooting stars. There was
[sic] no trails . . . they traveled faster than any shooting star I have ever seen" (Clark, 658).
Meanwhile, Albert M. Chop, the press spokesman for Project Blue Book, arrived at National Airport and refused several reporters' requests to
photograph the radar screens. He then joined the radar center personnel (Ruppelt, 164). By this time (9:30 p.m.) the radar center was picking up
unknown objects in every sector. At times the objects traveled slowly; at other times they reversed direction and moved across the radarscope at
speeds calculated at 7,000 mph.
At 11:30 p.m., two jet fighters from Newcastle AFB in Delaware arrived over Washington. Capt. John McHugo, the flight leader, was vectored towards the
radar pips but saw nothing, despite repeated attempts (Peebles, 76). However, his wingman, Lt. William Patterson, did see four white "glows" and
chased them. Suddenly, the "glows" turned and surrounded his fighter. Patterson asked the control tower at National Airport what he should do;
according to Chop, the tower's answer was "stunned silence". The four objects then sped away from Patterson's jet and disappeared (Clark, 659).
After midnight on July 27, Major Dewey Fournet, Project Blue Book's liaison at the Pentagon, and a Lt. Holcomb, an Air Force radar specialist,
arrived at the radar center at National Airport. During the night, Lt. Holcomb received a call from the Washington National Weather Station. They told
him that a slight temperature inversion was present over the city, but Holcomb felt that the inversion was not "nearly strong enough to explain the
'good and solid' returns" on the radarscopes (Peebles, 76). Fournet relayed that all those present in the radar room were convinced that the
targets were most likely caused by solid metallic objects. There had been weather targets on the scope too, he said, but this was a common occurrence
and the controllers "were paying no attention to them." (Ruppelt, 166)
Two more jets from Newcastle AFB were scrambled during the night. One pilot saw nothing unusual; the other pilot moved towards a white light which
"vanished" when he closed in. A Capital Airlines flight leaving Washington spotted "odd lights" which remained visible for about twelve minutes
(Clark, 660). As on July 20, the sightings and unknown radar returns ended at sunrise.
President Harry Truman ~ who along with a small secret select group within the military government, knew all about the grays ~ and had to have an
official showing to explain away what people were witnessing. Air Force Major General John Samford held a press conference at the Pentagon on July 29,
1952. The cover-up explanation used was that it was all a temperature inversion/mirage.
Almost from the moment of General Samford's press conference, eyewitnesses, UFO researchers, and Air Force personnel came forward to criticize the
temperature inversion/mirage explanation. Captain Ruppelt noted that Major Fournet and Lt. Holcomb, who disagreed with the Air Force's explanation,
were not in attendance at Samford's press conference. Ruppelt himself discovered that "hardly a night passed in June, July, and August in 1952 that
there wasn't a [temperature] inversion in Washington, yet the slow-moving, solid radar targets appeared on only a few nights" (Ruppelt, 170).
According to a story printed by the International News Service (INS), the United States Weather Bureau also disagreed with the temperature inversion
hypothesis. According to Ruppelt, when he was able to interview the radar and control tower personnel at Washington National Airport, not a single
person agreed with the Air Force explanation.
Michael Wertheimer, a researcher for the government-funded Condon Report, investigated the case in 1966. He found that the radar witnesses still
disputed the Air Force explanation, but that did not stop the report from agreeing with the temperature inversion/mirage explanation (Clark, 660).
Ruppelt related that on July 27 the control tower at Washington National had called the control tower at Andrews AFB and notified them that their
radar had an unknown object just south of the Andrews control tower, directly over the Andrews AFB radio range station.
According to Ruppelt, when the Andrews control tower personnel looked they all saw "a huge fiery-orange sphere" hovering over the range station
(Ruppelt, 160). When Ruppelt interviewed the tower personnel several days later, they insisted that they had been mistaken and had merely seen a
bright star. However, when Ruppelt checked an astronomical chart he found that there were no bright stars over the station that night, and that he had
"heard from a good source that the tower men had been 'persuaded' a bit" by superior officers to state that their sighting was merely a star
There were also witnesses who claimed to see structured craft and not merely "glows" or bright lights. On July 19 an Army artillery officer, Joseph
Gigandet, was sitting on the front porch of his home in Alexandria, Virginia, across the Potomac River from Washington. At 9:30 p.m. he claimed to see
"a red cigar-shaped object" which sailed slowly over his house. Gigandet estimated the object's size as comparable to a DC-7 airplane and at about
10,000 feet altitude; he also claimed that the object had a "series of lights very closely set together" on its sides.
The object eventually flew back over his house a second time, which led Gigandet to assume that it was circling the area (Clark, 657). When the object
flew away a second time, it turned a deeper red color and moved over the city of Washington itself; this occurred less than two hours before Edward
Nugent first spotted the unknown objects on his radar at Washington National. Gigandet claimed that his neighbor, an FBI agent, also saw the object
Dr. James E. McDonald, a physicist at the University of Arizona and a prominent ufologist in the 1960s, did his own analysis of the Washington
sightings. After interviewing four pilot eyewitnesses and five radar personnel, McDonald argued that the Air Force explanation was "physically
impossible" (Clark, 661). Harry Barnes told McDonald that the radar targets "were not shapeless blobs such as one gets from ground returns under
anomalous propagation", and that he was certain the unknown radar blips were solid targets."