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jour·nal·ism The activity or profession of writing for newspapers or magazines or of broadcasting news on radio or television. The product of such activity.
Journalism is the investigation and reporting of events, issues and trends to a broad audience. Though there are many variations of journalism, the ideal is to inform the intended audience about topics ranging from government and business organizations to cultural aspects of society such as arts and entertainment. The field includes editing, photojournalism, and documentary. In modern society, news media have become the chief purveyor of information and opinion about public affairs; but the role and status of journalism, along with other forms of mass media, are undergoing changes resulting from the Internet.This has resulted in a shift toward reading on e-readers, smartphones, and other electronic devices rather than print media and has faced news organizations with the ongoing problem of monetizing on digital news. It remains to be seen which news organizations can make the best of the advent of digital media and whether or not print media can survive.
1960 The first general election presidential debate was held on September 26, 1960, between U.S. Senator John F. Kennedy, the Democratic nominee, and Vice President Richard Nixon, the Republican nominee, in Chicago at the studios of CBS' WBBM-TV. Historian J.N. Druckman observed “television primes its audience to rely more on their perceptions of candidate image (e.g., integrity).
But those who have made anything of this departure I'm afraid have made to much, this is but a transition, a passing of the baton...
There were smaller things, I was camped out on Tiananmen Square with the students at the very beginning of our coverage there. And I’d taken, which every foreign correspondent does, my, you know, kit, and I woke up one morning to the following scene
Citizen journalism refers to any type of news gathering and reporting -- writing and publishing articles about a newsworthy topic, or posting photographs or video of a newsworthy event -- that is done by members of the general public rather than the professional news agencies commonly referred to as "mainstream media."
The rise of citizen journalism has been controversial, because it raises the question: what does it mean to be a "professional" journalist if everyone is a journalist? Critics of citizen journalism argue that real journalists, professional or amateur, adhere to certain standards like fact checking, naming sources, searching out opinions on both sides of an issue and avoiding libelous statements [source: Hogg]. You don't need to have a degree in journalism or carry press credentials to practice these principles
Interestingly, in the wake of mass budget cuts to U.S. newspapers, largely due to the rise of the Internet as a communications tool, mainstream media outlets have quickly (and somewhat ironically) moved to incorporate elements of citizen journalism into their news programs and publications. Cable news networks solicit viewer photos and videos of breaking news stories. Newspaper reporters write blogs and update Twitter accounts, inviting reader interaction and participation.
MSNBC anchor Dylan Ratigan apologized this morning for using fake photos of Sarah Palin last Friday in a segment about the former Alaska governor, and for not acknowledging their inauthenticity.
“I’ve been sitting here for the last few minutes trying to come up with a list of people I want to kill with a shovel.”
~ The Glenn Beck radio program, March 9, 2001
The number of journalism professionals has shrunk by 12% between 2006 and 2010. This decline is faster than the growth for all careers between the years 2006 and 2010, which was 1%.
Nationally, the median yearly salary earned by journalism professionals was $39,267 in 2010. This is 25% less than the national median salary for all professions, which was $68,155 per year. (Source)
HONG KONG—Citizen journalism in China is thriving in spite of tight government controls on official media and a speedy censorship system that blocks content the ruling Communist Party doesn't like, experts said.
CIMA is pleased to release a new report, By the People: The Rise of Citizen Journalism, by Eugene Meyer, a veteran journalist. Citizen journalism is seen by some as an antidote to the widening gap in societies where traditional news media—print and broadcast—are in decline.
The national average employment income of a journalist in Canada was $54,335, according to Statistics Canada’s 2006 census. This number is above the national average of $36,301 — so journalists aren’t doing that badly.
A former journalist himself, Earl is a strong advocate of editorial differentiation; therefore, he is not against large newsrooms. But the fact remains: on the US market, the size of the newsroom isn’t a shield against readership erosion. With the possible exception of India, the era of big editorial cathedrals is gone. In France for instance, according to a 2009 study conducted by the National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS), the number of journalists almost tripled in two generations
A great debate! Both participants stated successfully that journalism has gone through a series of transitions. An evolution as it were. I think both argued well.
But I have to come to the topic title in order to judge this. Is journalism a dying "profession"? A profession. A job category.
adjensen clearly described the demise of journalism, and Spike Spiegle reinforced that when he spoke of citizen journalism.
That coincided with the aspects of "brand" journalism that adjensen also described. Citizen journalism is a "brand" journalism (at least that's what I took away from it).
A fascinating and well written debate on both sides.
adjensen takes the win, in my humble opinion.
It's was a tie in my book at first, had to reread it a few times.
adjensen won the debate in my judgement. Spike Spiegle countered with very good counterpoints. His last post is the strongest in his argument and that point could have won him the match, however
Adjensen eloquently summed up Spike Spiegle's final piece with a ironic twist, as journalism had to adapt as each medium of communications evolved. Spike Spiegle supports Adjensens position with his last post as the media is having trouble competing in today's world with that other source of information, the citizen. In that "mainstream" journalism is in fact in decline due to the rise of citizen journalism and alternate sources as Spike Spiegle pointed out.