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. Now we are entering politics, which is not just nor good nor anything else. It is simply politics.
There are plenty of people there that did no harm to someone else,
Well, true... but lets save that discussion for a different thread, shall we? The prison system exists (ideally) to punish criminals... not people who do good.
Prisoners are where they are because they live in a system that punishes crime, as defined by the law. All of us exist in a system that punishes "sin" as defined by the One who runs the universe.
The structure of the code is very specific, with each offense receiving a specified punishment. The punishments tended to be very harsh by modern standards, with many offenses resulting in death, disfigurement, or the use of the "Eye for eye, tooth for tooth" (Lex Talionis "Law of Retaliation") philosophy. The code is also one of the earliest examples of the idea of presumption of innocence, and it also suggests that the accused and accuser have the opportunity to provide evidence. However, there is no provision for extenuating circumstances to alter the prescribed punishment.
The code of laws was arranged in orderly groups, so that everyone who read the laws would know what was required of them.
The Code of Hammurabi is the longest surviving text from the Old Babylonian period. The code has been seen as an early example of a fundamental law regulating a government — i.e., a primitive form of what is now known as a constitution. The code is also one of the earliest examples of the idea of presumption of innocence, and it also suggests that both the accused and accuser have the opportunity to provide evidence. The occasional nature of many provisions suggests that the Code may be better read as a codification of supplementary judicial decisions of the king.