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Political philosophy is the study of such topics as politics, liberty, justice, property, rights, law, and the enforcement of a legal code by authority: what they are, why (or even if) they are needed, what, if anything, makes a government legitimate, what rights and freedoms it should protect and why, what form it should take and why, what the law is, and what duties citizens owe to a legitimate government, if any, and when it may be legitimately overthrown, if ever
In political philosophy, Aquinas is most meticulous when dealing with varieties of law. According to Aquinas, there are four different kinds of laws:
God's cosmic law
God's scriptural law
Natural law or rules of conduct universally applicable within reason
Human law or specific rules applicable to specific circumstances.
Originally posted by dontreally
whereas those who incline to the right, seek a more conservative, structured, calm and controlled sort of ethic. To me, this strikes a perfect balance in a society.