posted on Nov, 18 2012 @ 10:42 AM
Originally posted by daaskapital
Steinheil, who had been initiated while en poste in London, was present in Grand Lodge in March 1741 at the election of the Earl of Morton as Grand
Master, and gave one of the addresses. He was able to use his connections to gain post facto regularisation of his Frankfurt lodge. His 'sponsor'
was one Bro Beaumont, oculist to the Prince of Wales. The Charter from the Grand Lodge of England, dated February 8, 1743, states that Beaumont having
assured 'us that the Lodge had been constituted in due form under the name of Union, and as a daughter of the Union Lodge of London, we do hereby
recognize it, etc and order that the members of either Lodge be equally considered members of the other.' So, however tentatively, we have a
connection between a Philipp, an oculist and French Freemasonry (and hence the Scottish rites mentioned in Copiales).
Taking the information you found above...and drawing it in parallel to this from the OPs linked article...
Back in Lund, Önnerfors grew surprised too as he continued to plumb the Copiale. In the midst of the descriptions about Oculist rituals, the
document took a narrative turn. It described a meeting of “a few good friends” who talked about people’s desire to “know something only
because it needs to be kept secret.” The friends decided to use this curiosity to play a little prank. They set up a fraternity and “would agree
immediately as they would like to pretend that a great secret would be behind their unification.” They called this farce, this hoax, this grand
psychological experiment Freemasonry. In other words, the Oculists were making an outrageous claim: that they founded Freemasonry … as a
I wonder whether there is any connection to John Montagu...
He was a son of Ralph Montagu, 1st Duke of Montagu and his first wife Elizabeth Wriothesley. His maternal grandparents were Thomas Wriothesley,
4th Earl of Southampton and his first wife Rachel de Massue.
On 17 March 1705, John was married to Lady Mary Churchill, daughter of John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough and Sarah Churchill, Duchess of
He was made a Knight of the Garter in 1719, and was a fellow of the Royal Society and a Grand Master of the Premier Grand Lodge of England. In 1739
the country's first home for abandoned children, the Foundling Hospital was created in London. Montagu was a supporter of this effort and was one of
the charity's founding governors. He also financed the education of two notable Black British figures of the age, Ignatius Sancho and Francis
Williams, sending the latter to Cambridge University.
He was a notorious practical joker, his mother-in-law writing of him that "All his talents lie in things only natural in boys of fifteen years old,
and he is about two and fifty; to get people into his garden and wet them with squirts, and to invite people to his country houses and put things in
beds to make them itch, and twenty such pretty fancies as these."
He is said to have once dunked the political philosopher Montesquieu in a tub of cold water as a joke.
John Montagu's father, Ralph had been the patron of William Briggs, who had written the first major treatise of modern Ophthalmology.
If as suggested in the article, that there is some indication that there was some purpose to 'spy' by or on, those initiated, then Montagu's
involvement would make some sense in the political context, given his opposition to the Habsburg domination of Europe, and to the HRE in general. It
is as likely that they hoped to disturb the political balance merely by gaining the trust and confidence of those in rule by enticing them to join
such a secret society. At the time many of the noble and merchant class were 'upset' over the way in which monarchs held trading rights amongst
themselves, which limited and penalised private enterprise, and most notably at the time, the Ostend Company had been forced to cease trading under
the Treaty of Vienna. I also wonder if the trial and execution of Joseph Oppenheimer, and the persecution of Jews in general may have had some
More likely perhaps, was that this was another example of the covert means by which England was seeking the support of Germany, exampled in it's
favouring the House of Hanover for succession to the throne, as a means of limiting the influence of Catholics, and thereby encroachment of both the
HRE and Rome itself in English affairs. The trade rivalry between England, and Russia and France was also starting to gain serious momentum, and it
was this that provided the real impetus behind the wars of succession that punctuated the 1700s.
One way or another, all very interesting, and great fun to ponder.