thanks for Slayer69 and Kantzveldt for bringing up this topic...in my country this topic has brought a lot of controversies and intense debate. i'm
not a geologist but at least this i can contribute to my fellow ATS. i summarized the local circulating news and research conducted up to now for
those who are interested,
There are at least 3 controversies regarding Gunung Padang megalithic site
1st controversy: it is a step pyramid (in Indonesian is called “punden berundak”)
“punden” means sacred place (holy burial site) while “berundak” means constructed in stairs/steps. it is assumed as natural-made platform.
When the volcanic eruption occurred, magma reached the surface, the cooling process happened and resulting in the form of stone pillar structure and
columnar jointing. It is indicated from the type of the stone pillar (andesit basalt magma and basalt lava) and the geological map of Cianjur Valley
(1972-2003) shows the flows of andesit lava and basalt lava that created rugged high altitude terrain ridges known as Gunung Padang. These pillars
are varied in diameters but most of them are either 4 or 5 sided column standing vertically against the lava flow.
It is believed when the site was constructed long time ago, these human had discovered this “lava valley and hill” and thus they only shaped step
pyramid construction using the lava hill natural platform. The top was cut and its cutting was used to level the rim like a cutting and filling
process in civic engineering. Therefore those pillars are not man-made.
2nd controversy there is a hidden mega structure beneath the megalithicum site.
In 1914 a Dutch historician N.J Krom noted on how extra ordinary the outer site was but the spectacular structure is actually hidden beneath the
surface, a long buried “step pyramid”.
21st june 2012 : geological team led by Dr. Danny Hilmawan conducted geo electrical scanning, noticing an anomaly of underneath structure 20-30 m
depth. The team discovered a high resistivity (solid rock) structure in the form of a niche or “a giant grail” in the womb of Gunung Padang. The
location is estimated 100 meter from the top or at the same level of the first step to reach the site’s top. Another shocking surprise is the
indication of three more very high resistivity 300 meters beneath the sites. The most visible one is in the form of chamber. In the process of
drilling, the team discovered another astonishing fact; fine sand in the depth of 4 meters. The teams presumed this material was used as a
“shock-absorbing pad” protecting the “hidden structure” from earthquake.
Originally posted by Kantzveldt
reply to post by SLAYER69
Thanks for this update, the core samples were taken from considerable depths were scans show the possible subterranan chamber, which contained
charcoal and also a fill of fine sand not natural to the mountain..
Any natural material buried between three and 12 meters under the surface should have been millions of years in age, Budianto said.
The fact that the material beneath Mount Padang is relatively young indicates that it probably is man-made.
3rd controversy just how huge this "punden berundak" is?
Stone construction on each “terasering” (terrace) (west, east, north and south) generally is 2 meters tall and the space of each terrace is also 2
metrs in length. This “terrace”construction is known to prevent landslide/errosion. The diagonal length of each terrace reaches more than 200
meters. At least, there are 100 steps on each terrace. Similar to Macchu Picchu, Peru.
The site total area minimum estimated is as wide as 1, 5 hectare ten times larger than Borobudur. It would be one of the greatest civilization
architectural masterpiece from pre-historic time noted by Dr Boediarto Ontowirjo, as "truly extraordinary", but he further admitted that this needs
more comprehensive survey.
you can watch the excavation and drilling process here..
Borobudur needs 9 years of restoration (1974-1983) to be like what we see today, apart from the excavation and earlier restoration effort carried out
by England dated back in 1825,1834, 1842 and Dutch in 1907 - 1911 during their colonialism period. however, none could explain how this magnificent
temple was constructed.
and if this step pyramid mega structure here is actually true, i couldn't comprehend on the advance technology that our ancestors actually had....