Pentagon should take over nuclear plant security: lawmaker

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posted on Sep, 21 2012 @ 12:34 PM
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Pentagon should take over nuclear plant security: lawmaker


WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The Defense Department should take over security for U.S. nuclear weapons sites after a nuclear complex was broken into with ease in July by an 82-year-old nun and two other peace activists, a top lawmaker in the U.S. House of Representatives said on Friday.

Mike Turner, the Republican chairman of the House Armed Services panel that oversees the Energy Department's nuclear weapons complex, has drafted legislation to put the U.S. military in charge of protecting facilities like the Y-12 complex in Oak Ridge, Tennessee.

"The fact that this vulnerability is so widely known has got to be addressed," Turner said in an interview.

The Y-12 facility, built after the September 11, 2001, attacks, had been previously touted as "the Fort Knox of uranium" and was supposed to be one of the most secure facilities in the United States.

But in July, the three anti-nuclear activists cut through several fences and vandalized a building which holds the U.S. stockpile of highly enriched uranium used to make nuclear bombs.

An internal Energy Department watchdog found guards ignored motion sensors because they were routinely triggered by wildlife, and a security camera that should have shown the break-in had been broken for about six months.

The National Nuclear Security Administration, part of the Energy Department, is continuing to investigate what went wrong with its oversight of contractors.


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posted on Sep, 21 2012 @ 12:34 PM
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I am not quite sure what to make of this idea.. While I agree nuclear plants need to be protected I am not so sure they need to be protected by the military. I find that idea disconcerting as well as intriguing as it does not use Department of Homeland Security or any other Federal Law Enforcement entities.

Oversight is done through the Nuclear Regulatory Commission

USNRC - Domestic Security

Domestic Safeguards

What We RegulateThe NRC's domestic safeguards program is aimed at ensuring that special nuclear material within the United States is not stolen or otherwise diverted from civilian facilities for possible use in clandestine fissile explosives and does not pose an unreasonable risk owing to radiological sabotage. The users of the special nuclear and certain quantities of biproduct material apply safeguards to protect against sabotage, theft, and diversion, including

•Physical protection of facilities and/or special nuclear material at both fixed sites and during transportation and
•Material control and accounting for special nuclear material.
In order to determine how much physical protection is enough, the NRC has a threat assessment program to maintain awareness of the capabilities of potential adversaries and threats to facilities, material, and activities.

How We Regulate•Regulations, Guidance, and Communications
•Licensing Requirements
•Oversight




Protection of Nuclear Facilities

Nuclear facilities that require physical protection include nuclear reactors, fuel cycle facilities, and spent fuel storage and disposal facilities. Physical protection programs for these facilities include the following key features:

•Threat Assessment to determine how much physical protection is enough
•Physical Protection Areas graded to provide defense-in-depth with barriers and controls for the Exclusion Area, Protected Area, Vital Area, and Material Access Area
•Intrusion Detection to notify the site’s security force of a potential intruder
•Intrusion Alarm Assessment to distinguish between false or nuisance alarms and actual intrusions and to initiate response
•Armed Response to protect public health and safety and the common defense and security, by defending nuclear material or a nuclear facility against an intrusion or attack
•Regulatory Initiatives to ensure that the NRC’s Domestic Safeguards Regulations, Guidance, and Communications continue to adequately protect the Nation’s nuclear facilities and material in a changing threat environment
In addition, local, State, and Federal agencies may provide offsite assistance, as necessary.


Physical Protection Areas
Armed Response


To protect public health and safety and the common defense and security, the licensee is responsible for defending nuclear material or a nuclear facility against an attack, using armed responders. This may include the use of deadly force if necessary.

Response capabilities•Fixed Sites: Depending upon the significance of the material or facilities being protected, armed response to an unauthorized intrusion into a protected area and attack on a nuclear facility could be by the --
◦Licensee's on-site armed security force, with the Local Law Enforcement Authority (LLEA) and FBI arriving later
◦LLEA
•Transportation: Armed response to an attack on a nuclear transport would be by the --
◦Licensee's armed escorts in the case of a shipment of Category I material (strategically significant SNM), with FBI and LLEA arriving later.
◦Licensee's armed escorts and LLEA in the case of a shipment of spent fuel or other high activity shipments.
Response Preparation•Response elements must be appropriately armed and in sufficient number to counter the potential threat.
•A licensee's armed security officers undergo significant training and qualification in, among other things:
◦physical fitness
◦weapons safety
◦nuclear and radiation safety
◦weapons proficiency
◦use of force
◦tactical movements
◦response strategies
•Because of redundancy of safety equipment at nuclear facilities, the plant may elect a protection strategy that protects only a subset of vital equipment. The subset is determined in advance to be sufficient to permit safe shutdown of the reactor or facility. The subset to protect may vary depending upon where the adversary enters the protected area.
•Interaction with the LLEA includes advance planning and coordination, including familiarity tours.
Page Last Reviewed/Updated Thursday, March 29, 2012


Why the sudden push for DoD to take over security at civilian nuclear power generating stations...

Thoughts?
edit on 21-9-2012 by Xcathdra because: (no reason given)



posted on Sep, 21 2012 @ 01:02 PM
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I think this is an outstanding idea myself. Our Nuclear Facilities do seem just a bit weaker than we might have liked to believe and it goes from the Chinese scandals at Los Alamos to this most recent breach at Oak Ridge. It does leave one to wonder just who is minding the store when the store could kill a good % of the nation??

Lets never forget....storms didn't cause Fukushima. A Tsunami didn't cause Fukushima. One factor and one factor alone caused the full meltdown of 2 and possibly 3 reactor cores and to rain radiation all over the empty Pacific ocean (The only lucky point of the whole thing). Electricity was lost. Nothing more.... nothing fancy... The generators were destroyed and shore power was, obviously, lost. So..a thing as simple as a generator caused all that.

What could a protester or ignorant militant Bubba do by sheer stupidity in breaking something equally critical in a system that simply tolerates little to no failure? I don't want U.S. Military interacting with civilians much either though, so here is a solution.


Make the gate guards and far outer perimeter security at Nuclear locations 100% contractor but give the inner security positions to some of the better combat troops who need a break and time off the line overseas. They'd be best equipped to actually DO the job asked of them...if it came to that. However, being the inner ring of security, they'd never have reason to even say hello to a civilian, On-duty, outside of a REAL attack. How's that for an idea?



posted on Sep, 21 2012 @ 01:33 PM
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reply to post by Xcathdra
 


After reading this, I think that if the DoD did replace the current security arraignments, it would just put different uniforms on the same guys.

Oh it would be a different Contract, but the same Bubbas and Bubbettes would be patrolling.

The only way of justifying US Military personnel guarding nuclear power plants and facilities would be to put them on military installations.



posted on Sep, 21 2012 @ 01:38 PM
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reply to post by TDawgRex
 


Thats part of my concern... Where does it stop?

What about using DoD to protect our water sources and water plants?
Food?
Critical infrastructure?
Law Enforcement?

Secondly it can create a very serious conflict when it comes to the status of those facilities. Our nuclear generating stations are civilian for a reason. We are signatories to the NPT / IAEA and militarizing our facilities allow the same to occur to states like Iran, where we are arguing their program is being used by the military.

What does that say about us?
edit on 21-9-2012 by Xcathdra because: (no reason given)



posted on Sep, 21 2012 @ 01:47 PM
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reply to post by Xcathdra
 


I actually like Wrabbits idea. Keep the Bubbas there but have a rotating reaction force inside or nearby.

But in that same sense, if your reaction force is called out...it's probably to late already.



posted on Sep, 23 2012 @ 12:44 PM
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Originally posted by TDawgRex
reply to post by Xcathdra
 


I actually like Wrabbits idea. Keep the Bubbas there but have a rotating reaction force inside or nearby.

But in that same sense, if your reaction force is called out...it's probably to late already.


I still come back to my origional question...

Where does it stop?

Water sources....
Food sources...
Infrastructure (trains / planes / automobiles)..
Factories...
Technology....

All are criticial areas of our economy and national security... Are they also subject to protection by the DoD? If they want to do the same to those areas like they are suggesting for Nuclear power plants how can we argue its a bad idea if we allow it for nuke plants?

Its a slippery slope issue to me...
edit on 23-9-2012 by Xcathdra because: (no reason given)





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