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On March 29, 1985, Wearing, then an acknowledged expert in early music at the height of his career with BBC Radio 3, contracted herpes encephalitis. Normally causing only cold sores, in Wearing's case the virus attacked his brain. Primarily it damaged the hippocampus, which plays a major role in the handling of long term memory formation. Additionally, he sustained marginal damage to the temporal and frontal lobes. The former houses the amygdala, a component implicated in the control of emotions and associated memories.
Henry Molaison, known by thousands of psychology students as "HM," lost his memory on an operating table in a hospital in Hartford, in August 1953. He was 27 years old and had suffered from epileptic seizures for many years.
William Beecher Scoville, a Hartford neurosurgeon, stood above an awake Henry and skilfully suctioned out the seahorse-shaped brain structure called the hippocampus that lay within each temporal lobe. Henry would have been drowsy and probably didn't notice his memory vanishing as the operation proceeded. The operation was successful in that it significantly reduced Henry's seizures, but it left him with a dense memory loss. When Scoville realized his patient had become amnesic, he referred him to the eminent neurosurgeon, Dr. Wilder Penfield and neuropsychologist Dr. Brenda Milner of Montreal Neurological Institute (MNI) who assessed him in detail. Up until then it had not been known that the hippocampus was essential for making memories, and that if we lose both of them we will suffer a global amnesia. Once this was realized, the findings were widely publicized so that this operation to remove both hippocampi would never be done again.
The sudden and uncontrollable paedophilia exhibited by a 40-year-old man was caused by an egg-sized brain tumour, his doctors have told a scientific conference. And once the tumour had been removed, his sex-obsession disappeared. The cancer was located in the right lobe of the orbifrontal cortex, which is known to be tied to judgment, impulse control and social behaviour. But neurologists Russell Swerdlow and Jeffrey Burns, of the University of Virginia at Charlottesville, believe it is the first reported case linking damage to the region with paedophilia.
Technically, lobotomy refers to the surgical cutting of nerve connections between the frontal lobes and the rest of the brain. The frontal lobes are unique to human beings and are the seat of the higher functions such as love, conern for others, empathy, self-insight, creativity, initiative, autonomy, rationality, abstract reasoning, judgment, future planning, foresight, will-power, determination and concentration. Without the frontal lobes it is impossible to be "human" in the fullest sense of the word; they are required for a civilized, effective, mature life. Depending on the amount of damage done, the effect can be partial or relatively complete. In a complete lobotomy, the patient becomes obviously demented with the deterioration of all higher mental functions.
Originally posted by Xaphan
I'll just quickly add my two cents. The fact that the brain can be damaged, in my humble opinion, is not proof that the soul doesn't exist. I think that could actually be considered a false cause fallacy.
Think of your brain as a computer and the 'soul' as software. If the computer malfunctions, that doesn't mean that the software on the hard drive doesn't exist, it just means that the hardware necessary to access it isn't working properly anymore.
I think of the brain as an interface. The same logic could work with a television and the signal that provides cable access. If you smash a television to pieces with a brick, then attempt to watch a movie and get no image or sound, that doesn't mean that the cable signal never existed, it just means that the interface between you and the signal is no longer working.edit on 5-9-2012 by Xaphan because: (no reason given)
Originally posted by artistpoet
reply to post by NorEaster
To what do you refer when you say corporeal Human consciousness is generated in the brain.
Are you suggesting thought originates outside the brain as in the brain receives thought externally?
Originally posted by NorEaster
The human brain uses residual information that is specifically attributed for use by that one brain (we call it memory) to respond to, and to anticipate, external stimuli with configured bursts of "dynamic information" that provides a wide range of survival responses. Animal brains provide instinctive responses, and the human brain provides a complex balance between instinct and established intellectual reason in response to what confronts it from moment to moment. And those configured bursts of dynamic information, like all forms of information persist with no half-life deterioration, as information is not material.
Physicists agree that information exists as physical, and yet they also agree that information can become diffused, but it can't physically deteriorate, and this is the thing to remember when you're trying to figure out the truth concerning eternal human existence. The human being is the building collection of configured bursts of brain "generated" intellectual/instinctive responses, with the whole of it as a mass possessing a developing sense of sentience (self) that emerges over the years that the brain does what it does on behalf of the overall human whole. That human brain generated dynamic informational whole is what has been called the human spirit, human soul, and the eternal human being. It is "born" when the corporeal brain dies, and this is the fully developed human being.
Originally posted by tgidkp
reply to post by artistpoet
interestingly, the theoretical biologist Leonid Petrovsky has layed out, in a series of papers, an empirical model of consciousness based on this peculiar fact:...when you see an object, the parts of your brain which access MEMORY are activated several milliseconds before your RECOGNITION circuits.
I am never a fan of cliche myths, but have you ever heard the story of the native Americans who were unable to see Chris columbus' ships?
it is very difficult to see something which you have never seen before.
Originally posted by Theophorus
I look at it like this, the soul is what animates a body. Its the glue that holds the spirit and the body together. Consciousness means nothing more than being aware.