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1080 (sodium fluoroacetate) is a naturally-occurring toxin found in many plants throughout the world. Plants have developed it as a natural defence against browsing mammals. The active ingredient in 1080 is found naturally in tea and testing at one site showed it also appears to occur in puha.1 It is manufactured for use in various types of baits for pest control operations and is highly toxic to mammals in particular. What does it do to the environment? 1080 is highly water soluble and breaks down in the environment into harmless substances.2 It does not accumulate in the food chain or in the soil.3 Any animal ingesting a sub-lethal dose of 1080 will metabolise and eliminate the substance within 10 days