posted on Aug, 21 2012 @ 12:34 PM
Sublime- Excellent basic defense of that verse. I'll build on it here (note, this is just me copying and pasting something I'd written before and
saved, so I'm not ignoring the other questions and am just crunched for time)
An understanding of the actual Greek and Aramaic helps, but websites like bible.cc and biblestudytools.com make this easy with interlinear outlines,
concordances, etc. For example:
"13 And Jesus came into the quarters of Cesarea Philippi: and he asked his disciples, saying: Whom do men say that the Son of man is? 14 But they
said: Some John the Baptist, and other some Elias, and others Jeremias, or one of the prophets. 15 Jesus saith to them: But whom do you say that I am?
16 Simon Peter answered and said: Thou art Christ, the Son of the living God. 17 And Jesus answering said to him: Blessed art thou, Simon Bar-Jona:
because flesh and blood hath not revealed it to thee, but my Father who is in heaven. 18 And I say to thee: That thou art Peter; and upon this rock I
will build my church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. 19 And I will give to thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven. And whatsoever
thou shalt bind upon earth, it shall be bound also in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth, it shall be loosed also in heaven. 20 Then he
commanded his disciples, that they should tell no one that he was Jesus the Christ. "- Matthew 16:13-20
This entire passage is the key, if you will, to unlocking the "duh!" aspect of the Church being Catholic and St. Peter being the head honcho on
earth, including his successor.
To understand this requires some ability to understand language outside of personal/colloquial understanding. The Calvary Chapel types will be
extremely challenged by this because most of their doctrine comes from this very approach. It's harder for someone with no exposure to a language
outside of modern, bastardized English to understand. In a lot, most languages actually, and specifically Latin, Greek, etc, the words all have a
relationship to each other.
Let's explore it, with emphasis on the key passage in verses 17 and 18 of the 16th chapter of St. Matthew's Gospel:
...: Blessed art thou (makarios, blessed; insinuates being made larger through God, though small on one's own), Simon Bar-Jonah (OK, so, he has a
proper name and Peter is a nickname.. how interesting, let's see where this leads!), ... thou art Peter (Petros, small pebble) and on this rock
(Petra, big rock...) I will build my Church.
3107 makários (from mak-, "become long, large") – properly, when God extends His benefits (the advantages He confers); blessed.
3107 /makários ("blessed") describes a believer in enviable ("fortunate") position from receiving God's provisions (favor) – which (literally)
extend ("make long, large") His grace (benefits). This happens with receiving (obeying) the Lord's inbirthings of faith. Hence, faith (4102
/pístis) and 3107 (makários) are closely associated (Ro 4:5-7,14:22,23; Rev 14:12,13).
4074 Pétros (a masculine noun) – properly, a stone (pebble), such as a small rock found along a pathway. 4074 /Pétros ("small stone") then
stands in contrast to 4073 /pétra ("cliff, boulder," Abbott-Smith).
So, Simon Bar-Jonah is the name, he is a pebble and on a big rock Christ will build His Church. Well gee, Mr. Catholic, it's plain as day, Peter is
just a pebble and Christ, the Big Rock will be the foundation. Right? Wrong, actually.
We must go back to the watering down of language. Makarios, Blessed, isn't just "hey dude, i'll make sure you get rich and stuff, k brah?". It
goes directly into understanding that passage. Blessed means to take something small and make it larger. Well, that bears scrutiny as applied to this
whole pebble/Rock thing, doesn't it? I mean, everyone knows it refers to Christ and such, right? Wrong. But with salvation needing actual
declarations of faith in Christ, particularly Jesus as the Christ, and Christ being the cornerstone, anyone who has a modicum of experience knows a
cornerstone must be placed on a foundation- in this case, Christ is letting Peter be the foundation on which to lay Himself, is He not?
So, what is Jesus saying to St. Peter? He's simply saying I'll make you larger because of your faith, Simon Bar-Jonah. You pebble, don't you know
I'll make you a giant rock? Oh, and I'll give you the keys to Heaven as well, binding and loosing.
So, wait, St. Peter was basically given the responsibility and office of what is only analogous to the Pope? Well, I'll be...
The language doesn't lie, and neither does Sacred Scripture. No amount of "but... but..." can fight this truth.