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"It's a ground-breaking effort between the governments of the US and Vietnam for a project which will clean up all the dioxin at the [Danang] airport remaining from the use of Agent Orange," said Charles Bailey, director of the Washington-based Aspen Institute's Agent Orange in Vietnam Program, in an interview on July 31 during a Bangkok stopover. He referred to the trip as a "historic opportunity". "At Danang, there are some 70,000 cubic meters [2.5 million cubic feet] of contaminated soil that, over the next three years, will be cleaned up," Bailey said. "This is the first of several major hot-spots."
Americans, Vietnamese and others are believed to have suffered deformities, diseases or death from dioxin and other herbicides, which the Pentagon used to clear jungles so Vietnamese communist soldiers could more easily be spotted, bombed, or deprived of crops and territory.  Danang, America's biggest air base during the Vietnam War, is one of the worst cases. Agent Orange was stored there in steel barrels, loaded onto warplanes, and washed out of the returning planes' spray tanks.
In 1994, retired US Admiral Elmo Zumwalt Jr said in an interview he ordered millions of gallons of Agent Orange to be sprayed in Vietnam and would do so again, even though he later believed the dioxin caused his son to die from cancer. Zumwalt's son was a patrol boat commander in the Mekong River delta near Saigon when Agent Orange was being sprayed in the area. "At the time we didn't know it was carcinogenic. The chemical companies that made it knew. But they told the Pentagon it was not," Zumwalt said. "Even knowing it was carcinogenic, I would use it again. We took 58,000 dead. My hunch is it would have been double that if we did not" spray, Zumwalt said, referring to the war's toll on Americans.