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Originally posted by Swills
Terrorism, is it a new concept or an ancient concept? What do you know about it? Where did it begin? Did it begin in the Middle East during the 20th century? Who were the first known terrorists? How were terrorist dealt with and did they succeed or fail?
Genghis Khan's Mongol invasion in the 13th and 14th centuries was so vast that it may have been the first instance in history of a single culture causing man-made climate change, according to new research out of the Carnegie Institution's Department of Global Ecology, reports Mongabay.com.
Unlike modern day climate change, however, the Mongol invasion cooled the planet, effectively scrubbing around 700 million tons of carbon from the atmosphere.
So how did Genghis Khan, one of history's cruelest conquerors, earn such a glowing environmental report card? The reality may be a bit difficult for today's environmentalists to stomach, but Khan did it the same way he built his empire — with a high body count.
Over the course of the century and a half run of the Mongol Empire, about 22 percent of the world's total land area had been conquered and an estimated 40 million people were slaughtered by the horse-driven, bow-wielding hordes. Depopulation over such a large swathe of land meant that countless numbers of cultivated fields eventually returned to forests.
In other words, one effect of Genghis Khan's unrelenting invasion was widespread reforestation, and the re-growth of those forests meant that more carbon could be absorbed from the atmosphere.
Originally posted by buddha
How would you define Terrorism?
To kill a Lot of civilians with horrific attacks!
Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
YES that IS Terrorisms!
Therefore, terrorism is simply a psychological weapon aimed at both its immediate victims as well
as a much wider audience, in the hope of obtaining some sort of behavior change from that audience (Boyd, 1994; Wilkinson, 1985; Gaynor, 2002). Thus, it is not so much that the act of terrorism employs psychological warfare, but more the case that terrorism is the quintessential and perhaps most base form of psychological warfare that can be inflicted. As noted previously, the entire act of terrorism is based on manipulation and the modification of a group’s behavior due to threats or actual harm against a minority of that group’s population (Gaynor, 2002; Schmid, 2005). Terrorism exploits the psychological vulnerabilities among both enemy and friendly populations as a means of compensating for physical or material disadvantages. In this regard, terrorist forms of psychological manipulation hope to demoralize their enemy or paralyze that enemy with fear (Boyd, 1994; Gaynor, 2002). Simultaneously, these acts are thought to be effective in motivating the terrorist’s allies and friends (Boyd, 1994; Gaynor, 2002; Schmid, 2005). Thus, it is that terrorism is a form of psychological warfare that fulfills dual objectives; one objective being to demoralize the terrorist’s enemy and the other objective seeking to improve the morale and commitment of the terrorist group’s membership.