OK, so here's a bit about one or two Masonic symbols:
The hexagram (interlocking triangles) go back way before Freemasonry, and have been adopted by Freemasonry, and also by many religions such as Judaism
and others, and denotes God.
So, first a bit of history about the symbol...
The hexagram within a circle dates its origins back to the Brahmins in the highland plateu north of the Hindu-Kush.
According to the Brahmins:
The equilateral triangle, Trikum, represents Brahma, the Triune god, with his visible attendants, Vishnu (water) and Siva (Fire).
The triangle with its point turned upwards, as flames dart upwards to the sky, denote Siva, the Spirit of fire.
The triangle with its point turned downwards, as rain falls to the earth, denote Vishnu, the Spirit of water.
The two triangles interlaced, called Sherkum, represent Vishnu and Siva, being the visible spirits, and therefore denoting Brahma, the Triune god.
The encircling ring is an emblem of eternity and infinity.
The hexagram was later adopted by many as a symbol for God.
In Masonry , the position of the square and compasses in the symbol for freemasonry makes up the entire hexagram, except for two parallel lines. In
early Masonry, the square and compass, when placed on the Volume of the Sacred Law, were placed so that the top and bottom of the pages of the bible
made up the two missing parallel lines of the hexagram. (with the S&C overlapping the pages.)
(Recall that the two parallel lines in the ritual represent Moses and King Solomon, and are therefore an allusion to the VSL.)
The Square and Compasses
So where did the Square and compass symbol originate? In Masonry, the square and compasses themselves are placed the way they are because originally,
their placement on the VSL would make up the hexagram, a symbol denoting God.
Thus, symbolically, the square and compass were incomplete, except when they were placed on the VSL, as in open lodge.
A point within a circle
In the same Brahmin teachings, the point within a circle was called Purm, which represented the inner essence of Brahm, from which "all emanates, and
around which all revolves."
Put together the S&C, the parallel lines, and the point within a circle, and there is the perfect, complete symbol for the inner essence of god, by
the ancient Brahmin teachings.
This ancient symbol of the interlaced triangle with the point within a circle (purm) is found on many ancient Indian monuments, such as on the tomb of
Hamayun, and on the gateway of the fort of Agra, to name a few.
edit on 6/7/2012 by Saurus because: (no reason given)