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Originally posted by decisively
reply to post by ManBehindTheMask
As you are so fond of well referenced critical analysis ManBehinTheMask, allow me to lead you from the darkness and into the light, so that you may know Apollo' Fraudulence in all its marvelous and ever so brilliantly offensive glory.
In 1968, I believe the very year of Alan Shepard's alleged shunt surgery by the great William House, the finest otolaryngologists in our land assembled to discuss Meniere's Disease. The legendary symposium's activities is preserved in the 715 pages of the W.B. Saunders publication that binds in a single volume all of the lectures/essays/articles as they first appeared in the medical journal, Otolaryngology Clinics of North America, October 1968.
William House of course was a participant. David Austin, Professor of otolaryngology at the University of Illanois College of Medicine gave the symposium's talk/lecture on THE ENDOLYMPHATIC SHUNT OPERATION. Austin's paper on the subject can be found on page 589 of the above referenced Saunders publication.
Not too far from the very beginning of Austin's talk/paper, Austin states quite explicitly, ever so ever so ever so clearly and I do indeed quote;
"CURE OF MENIERE'S DISEASE HAS NOT YET BEEN KNOWINGLY RECORDED"
I hope that was helpful........
Here is a great exercise as regards the now changing reputation of the once well thought of aerospace medicine innovator Charles Berry. Google search this "CHARLES BERRY, APOLLO". Report back on the top ten references for our friend. Times are a'changing indeed, and for the better so, fairly so.
Each crewman received a comprehensive physical examination at 27, 15 and 6 days prior to launch, with brief examinations conducted daily during the last 5 days before launch.
shortly after landning, a comprehensive physical examination showed that the crew was in good health. both the commander and the command module pilot had a small amount of clear, bubbly fluid in the left middle-ear cavity and slight reddening of the eardrums. These findings disappeared in 24 hours without treatment. The lunar module pilot had mode-rate eyelid irritation in addition to slight redness of the eardrums. All crewman shows a mild temporary reaction to the micropore tape covering their biomedical sensors. This reaction susided within 24 hours.
Originally posted by DJW001
reply to post by Komodo
I didn't even know there was such a disease, which I know think I have ..
It can be managed with lifestyle changes, as Shepard apparently did.
Meniere’s disease is a condition in which there is an excess of fluid in the inner ear. The excess fluid disturbs the ear’s balance and hearing mechanisms and produces a range of symptoms.
What causes the fluid build up?
The mechanisms that control the secretions of endolymph fluid are unknown. Many factors appear to cause endolymphatic hydrops (excess fluid) in the inner ear. The most common are:
Autonomic nervous system imbalances
Blockages and/or damage to the endolymphatic structures
Vascular (circulation) irregularities
When Meniere's symptoms cannot be managed by a combination of life style measures and medication, surgery may be considered. The following sections describe the two types of surgery available - destructive and non-destructive.
When considering surgery it’s wise to research the available options. If necessary seek further opinions.
Non destructive Surgery
These procedures attempt to alter the course of Meniere's disease.
Endolymphatic sac surgery aims to improve or alter the function of the endolymphatic sac, which is thought to control either the production or absorption of the endolymphatic fluid. Long-term studies have shown that these operations are successful in approximately half to two thirds of patients.
These procedures destroy the balance mechanism in order to gain control of vertigo. Only a very small percentage (around 5%) of people with Meniere's will require surgical intervention for control of vertigo. Usually as Meniere's disease progresses the acute disabling attacks of vertigo cease.
Chemical Ablation involves injecting the middle ear with antibiotics (eg Gentamicin, Streptomycin). The drugs are absorbed through the membranes between the middle and inner ear and are toxic to balance and hearing nerve endings. This treatment aims to reduce or destroy the vestibular function of that ear, helping to relieve symptoms of vertigo.
The following procedures are only considered when all other measures to control vertigo have failed.
Vestibular nerve section involves cutting the balance nerve of the affected ear to stop the incorrect signals reaching the brain. Hopefully the hearing nerve is spared.
A vestibular neurectomy aims to destroy the inner ear and is usually only considered if there is no useable hearing in the ear.