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In 1988, the estimated number of stranger abductions* was 200 to 300, according to the first National Incidence Study of Missing, Abducted, Runaway and Thrownaway Children (NISMART).
Thousands of other short-term abductions occur to children mostly in the course of sexual assaults and other crimes. In 1988, the number of these short-term abductions known to police was estimated at 3,200 to 4,600. More than two thirds of these abductions occurred during sexual assaults.
M2 Presswire; 4/14/2003
M2 PRESSWIRE-14 April 2003-UK Government: Commission on Human Rights begins discussion of rights of child; Special Rapporteur on sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography speaks (page two of two)(C)1994-2003 M2 COMMUNICATIONS LTD
DAVID SIMON FIGUERAS (Mexico) said the country was giving high priority to the international consideration of the issue of children. It actively participated and contributed to regional and universal initiatives for the strengthening of the rights of the child. Mexico had been one of the countries that had promoted the World Summit on the rights of children in 1990 and it was among the first counties to ratify the Convention on the Rights of the Child.
GUO YANG (China) said China had always attached great importance to the protection of the rights of the child and had formulated a series of regulations to give effect to its concerns. China had ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child as early as 1991. In 2002, China had ratified the Convention concerning the prohibition and immediate action for the elimination of the worst forms of child labour and the Optional Protocol of the Convention on the rights of the child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography.
MIKE SMITH (Australia), speaking on behalf of Canada and New Zealand, said these Governments were all parties to the Convention on the Rights of the Child and had supported both Optional Protocols to the Convention, demonstrating their recognition of the need for enhanced promotion and protection of children's rights in these areas. The United Nations General Assembly Special Session on Children had provided the blueprint for collective international action to improve the situation of children in areas such as promoting healthy lives, providing quality education, protecting children against abuse, exploitation and violence, and combating preventable diseases, including HIV/AIDS.
E. EKANAYAKE (Sri Lanka) said the Government, having considered the input of the National Monitoring Committee established under the Children's Charter of Sri Lanka, had included in its proposed Constitutional reforms special clauses relating to the rights of the child. In 1998, action had been taken to amend the Penal Code and the Code of Criminal Procedure Act to strengthen the child rights protection mechanism and in particular to protect children from sexual exploitation.