reply to post by Koffee
Hi Koffee I see what you mean about Germany
German Social Democratic Party
German Social Democratic Party
The German Social Democratic Party (SDP) was established in 1875 with the publication of its Gotha programme. The programme was a mixture of the ideas
of Karl Marx and Ferdinand Lasselle. Its originally leaders included Ferdinand Bebel and Wilhelm Liebknecht.
In the 1877 General Election in Germany the SDP won 12 seats. This worried Otto von Bismarck, and in 1878 he introduced an anti-socialist law which
banned Social Democratic Party meetings and publications.
After the anti-socialist law ceased to operate in 1890, the SDP grew rapidly and in 1912 the party won 110 seats in the Reichstag. Led by Ferdinand
Bebel, Karl Kautsky, Friedrich Ebert, and Eduard Bernstein, the SDP was now the largest political party in Germany. During the First World War a group
of members led by Kurt Eisner left to form the Independent Socialist Party (USPD).
In October, 1918, Max von Baden invited right-wing members of the SDP to join his coalition government. On 9th November Friedrich Ebert took power and
during the German Revolution he called in the German Army and the Freikorps to deal with the extreme left. Ebert was now condemned as a traitor by the
Independent Socialist Party and the German Communist Party.
It seems to me that Marxist Socialism is the father of Communism and most likly a MAJOR player in the onset of WW 1.
Here is a little of what is going on in Austria that is contemporary with Germany just prior to WW 1
The Austrian School's Critique of Marxism - Eugen-Ma...
Apr 12, 2011 ... According to Mises, socialism would be bound to fail not because of morality but because of insuperable intellectual difficulties.
He came to the conclusion that "not for one day could the [socialist] economic state of the future be administered according to any such reading of
value." For Wieser, "in the socialist theory of value pretty nearly everything is wrong" (cf. Wieser 1889/1893, pp. 64–66). Johann von
Komorzynski extended the analysis to political science: he distinguished between a "true," "philanthropic socialism," and a "delusory socialism"
aimed purely at class interests (Komorzynski 1893).
After the posthumous editing of the third volume of Das Kapital (1895), two in-depth contributions of the Austrian School marked the temporary
cessation of its critique of Marxism. In one perceptive essay, Komorzynski tried to prove that Marxist theories were "at the greatest possible odds
with the real economic processes." The contradiction stemmed "from the basic principle, not from the utopian thinking" (Komorzynski 1897, p. 243).
In his famous Zum Abschluß des Marxschen Systems (1896) (Karl Marx and the Close of His System, 1949), Böhm-Bawerk summarized his previous critique
and came to the conclusion — based on the well-known contradictions between the first two and the third volumes of Das Kapital — that the final
Marxist theory "contains as many cardinal errors as there are points in the arguments." They "bear evident traces of having been a subtle and
artificial afterthought contrived to make a preconceived opinion seem the natural outcome of a prolonged investigation" (Böhm-Bawerk 1896/1949, p.
69). "The Marxian system," according to Böhm-Bawerk,