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It's all about BOMBS senkent BOMBS and what pray tell does landing dudes on the moon have to do with targeting Moscow and vaporizing the Bolshoi ? Nothing, well almost nothing. Pretending to put dudes on the moon helps you in your GENUINE EFFORTS to take out Sviatoslov Richter.
Them pianists and dancers be dangerous ya' know ... Are ya' catching on yet ?
You can aim an ICBM better with an LRRR on the moon. That simple. Gives you a good/best in those days number four the strength of the earth's gravitational field.
Measuring the DISTANCE to the moon was the best way to obtain the overall strength figure. I would suggest one might also employ LRRR earth/moon distance measurements to investigate local variations in field strength as well. This is important ICBM targeting wise, if one is trying to hit Moscow as opposed to Peking, local field strength variability. But that aside, the issue with earth-moon distances yielding the best field strength is not a point in dispute and the LRRR method was the most accurate means to obtain this.
I imagine they used the LRRR for Coriolis effect calculations as well, though certainly earth orbiting satellites would have been useful in terms of measuring local field strength and rotation for the Coriolis concerns as well.
In terms of getting a figure for overall strength, a low orbiting, earth orbiting artificial satellite, can't eliminate local effects, distance to the moon measurement by way of an LRRR approach doesn't have this problem. You are 240,000 miles away and so any local variation in strength is washed away by virtue of that virgin patch of vacuum.
I represent, by that I mean I articulate, the views of a handful of capable investigators. Anything I write about, is a topic about which we hold a consensus view. That said, this voice, my voice, is unique, uniquely mine. Were another of my group to be tapped as the designated writer, which may occur at some point, the feel of our presentation will change despite constancy of topic and method/Apollo study orientation(narrative analysis as we like to say).
"NASA built the greatest rockets and spacecraft in history and then scrapped them. NASA could not get Americans to the moon today or 5 years from today. It gathered immense amounts of data and then literally threw them in the dumpster. (footnote 2)"
The reference to the dumpster is not a figure of speech. After Apollo 17, Fran Waranius, Librarian of the Lunar and Planetary Institute (then LSI), happened to see JSC's large collection of Lunar Orbiter and Apollo photographs, maps, and mission documents being thrown out. She and visiting scientist RonGreeley literally pulled them out of the dumpster, andand they became the nucleus ofthe institute's collectionin the data centerknown as McGetciun Hall.