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superiors (IRS) based on his research verifying that everything that patriots (so-called) or illegal tax protesters (so-called) have brought forth is true—that is—the Income Tax is voluntary and that that the 16th Amendment was not legally ratified.
To give credit where credit is due, all the above people mentioned have done an excellent job of bringing forth the truth to the American peoples (and continually are); however, all of them have missed the most important fact of law that truly applies. In reference thereof, to properly access the problem one has to look to international law.
THE LEGAL GAME
In reference to the research on the Sixteenth Amendment: Sorry, but it is really irrelevant, as the Supreme Court has stated. Said amendment is without a doubt a device of Smoke and Mirrors (again, see a plethora of court cases in regard to my opinion on this). As far as taking a position and arguing the Internal Revenue Code: Why? It is hit-and-miss, which depends on the particular circumstance. One should quickly assess the Internal Revenue Code is an absolute dead end trap; and if you get caught in that trap you are a prisoner. To not be taken prisoner, you must take necessary precautions not to become a prisoner. To truly decode what has been executed, one should carefully consider the term “Internal Revenue Service”. Of course the keyword here being “Internal”. Such keyword is a major part of the puzzle; such word imports the meaning of a venue and jurisdiction. In other words, one is “within” a particular sphere of law or jurisdiction.
Accordingly, the ‘Internal Revenue Code’ is considered special or private law; such law being attached to the federal government. Hence, the Sixteenth Amendment has little to do with anything. The most evident phrase from said amendment being that of:
“without regard to any census or enumeration.”
Why you ask? Due to the fact that everyone is already included within the venue and/or jurisdiction of the federal government, their state residence notwithstanding. In other words: Everyone is being taxed “INTERNALLY”.
To get out of the “dead-end” quagmire known as the Internal Revenue Code: One) You have to know who you are; and, Two) You have to know the Constitution as it exists. If you do not know who you are and how the ‘United States Constitution’ is currently constructed, you might as well volunteer and pay the tax because it is positive law or public policy (for U.S. citizens) and it essentially does apply to you; wherefore—it is not really voluntary—it is mandatory, i.e. you volunteer by group ignorance.
Consequently the primary question is elementary: People should ask themselves:
“How and why am I liable for income tax?”
To find out the answer, reference section 1 of Title 26 (which imposes the tax); then go to the regulations (Code of Federal Regulations), and one would find the following:
In the anarchist, Marxist and socialist sense, free association (also called free association of producers or, as Marx often called it, community of freely associated individuals) is a kind of relation between individuals where there is no state, social class or authority, in a society that has abolished the private property of means of production. Once private property is abolished, individuals are no longer deprived of access to means of production so they can freely associate themselves (without social constraint) to produce and reproduce their own conditions of existence and fulfill their needs and desires.
To raise revenue to fund the Civil War, Congress introduced the income tax through the Revenue Act of 1861. It levied a flat tax of 3% on annual income above $800, which was equivalent to $20,693 in today's money. This act was replaced the following year with the Revenue Act of 1862, which levied a graduated tax of 3–5% on income above $600 (worth $13,968 today) and specified a termination of income taxation in 1866.
The Socialist Labor Party advocated a graduated income tax in 1887. The Populist Party "demand[ed] a graduated income tax" in its 1892 platform. The Democratic Party, led by William Jennings Bryan, advocated the income tax law passed in 1894, and proposed an income tax in its 1908 platform.
Prior to the Supreme Court's decision in Pollock v. Farmers' Loan & Trust Co., all income taxes had been considered indirect taxes imposed without respect to geography, unlike direct taxes, that must be apportioned among the states according to population.
The Wilson–Gorman Tariff Act of 1894 attempted to impose a federal tax of 2% on incomes over $4,000 (worth $107,446 today). Derided as "un-Democratic, inquisitorial, and wrong in principle," it was challenged in federal court.....
The Sixteenth Amendment nullified the effect of Pollock. That means the Congress may impose taxes on income from any source without having to apportion the total dollar amount of tax collected from each state according to each state's population in relation to the total national population.
Sixteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution