This designation came with the advent of the Oslo Accords and was not present before. It refers to those roads used by the Israelis to link colonies
with each other and with Israel. In the agreements they are called "Lateral Roads" but people usually call them "bypass" roads because they are
meant to circumvent (i.e. bypass) Palestinian built up areas. These roads are of course under Israeli control and entail a 50 to 75 meter buffer zone
on each side of the road in which no construction is allowed. In effect these roads carve up the Palestinian areas into isolated ghettos and often
deprive Palestinians of vital agricultural land.
A road constructed around a colony by Israeli military forces or by colonists ostensibly to be used for patrols. However, these roads end up being
precursors for the expansion of the colony.
Mandate Palestine/ Palestinian State/ Palestinian Territories
Over the years, and depending on one's political affiliations, the word "Palestine" has acquired various meanings. Generally, "Palestine" refers
to that political unit designated by the British Mandate that took possession of the region from the vanquished Ottoman Empire in the first World War.
That 27,090 km2 area lying between the river Jordan and the Mediterranean Sea is what the word "Palestine" mostly refers to. However, after the 1948
war, Jewish forces took control of 20,700 km2 and established the State of Israel on that area. Then in 1967, Israel occupied the remainder of the
27,090 km2 plus the Golan Heights and the Sinai Peninsula. Thus all of "Mandate Palestine" came under Israeli control. In 1988, the Palestinian
National Assembly (Parliament in exile) adopted the two-state solution as a settlement of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict and to establish the State
of Palestine in the West Bank and Gaza Strip (the two areas occupied by Israel after the 1967 war). Hence, "Palestine" started to refer to the West
Bank and Gaza, albeit very few endorsed this definition. With the advent of the Oslo agreements, a new term was added to the conflict's lexicon:
"Palestinian Territories". This term came to mean the areas in which the Palestinian National Authority has jurisdiction; that is area "A" and
area "B" according to the Oslo Accords. In sum, "MandaPalestine" refers to the 27,090 km2 area, the "Palestinian State" refers to the West Bank
and Gaza areas as they were before the 1967 war, and the "Palestinian Territories" refer to those areas over which the Palestinian National
Authority exercises some level of self-rule.
IDF/ Israeli Military Forces/ Israeli Authorities
Israel calls its army the Israeli Defense Force (IDF). This designation is misleading and is intended to portray Israel as a peace-loving country that
uses its military forces only in defense. Historical facts attest the contrary; in three of Israel's five wars (1956, 1967, 1982) it was the Israeli
forces that attacked and occupied Arab lands. Even in 1948 it was the Jewish militias that commenced hostilities before the full-scale war broke out.
Hence, the correct nomenclature is "Israeli Military Forces" or the "Israeli Authorities" if they were civil institutions.
Illegal/Unauthorized Settlement Activities
The media, as well as official circles, often talk about "illegal" settlements when they refer to those constructed without the official approval of
the Israeli government. This is another misleading concept since all Israeli building activities in the West Bank and Gaza (whether official or
non-official) are illegal. Article 49 of the Fourth Geneva Convention specifically states that "The Occupying Power shall not deport or transfer
parts of its own civilian population into the territory it occupies." Since the international community recognizes the West Bank and Gaza (including
East Jerusalem) as "Occupied Territories", then all activities undertaken by Israeli governments to transfer its population to those areas are
illegal. Having said that, the correct label for those activities that did not get official Israeli approval is "unauthorized" activities, and not